Austria History, Language and Culture

History of Austria

From the first human settlements in the Danube Valley, to the ensuing Celts, Illyrians, Romans and Bavarians, and then the noble Babenburg and the Habsburg dynasties, Austria is a land that has been ruled by many.

The 640-year reign of the Habsburgs - creators of the Austro-Hungarian Empire - was ended by WWI; 20 years later, WWII saw Hitler invade and occupy Austria, persecuting the country's Jewish community. Post Holocaust, Austria's Jewish community rebuilt itself, but to this day the Jewish population remains much smaller than before WWII. After Austria's liberation by the Allies in 1944, foundations were laid for the Second Republic. Austria joined the European Union, and also signed the Schengen Agreement, in 1995.

The current president of Austria is Heinz Fischer, who has been in office since 2004.

Austria Culture

Religion

Over 70% of the population is Roman Catholic.

Language in Austria

German is the official language. Regional dialects are pronounced and within the different regions of the country one will encounter marked variations from Hochdeutsch, ie 'standard' German. There are Croatian and Slovene-speaking minorities in the Burgenland and southern Carinthia respectively.

Language phrases
  • Beer = Bier
  • Closed = Geschlossen
  • Danger = Achtung
  • Do you speak English? = Sprechen Sie Englisch?
  • Doctor = Arzt / Ärztin
  • Eight = Acht
  • Eighty = Achtzig
  • Entrance = Eingang (Einfahrt for vehicles)
  • Exit = Ausgang (Ausfahrt for vehicles)
  • Fifty = Funfzig
  • Five = Fünf
  • Forty = Vierzig
  • Four = Vier
  • Friday = Freitag
  • Goodbye = Auf Wiedersehen / Auf Wiederschauen / Servus
  • Hello (formal) = Grüß Gott
  • Hello (informal) = Servus / Grüß dich
  • Hotel = Hotel
  • How are you? = Wie geht es Ihnen? (formal) / Wie geht's? (formal)
  • How much does it cost? = Wieviel kostet das? / Wieviel macht das?
  • I'm very well = Mir geht es gut / Sehr gut, danke
  • I don't understand = Ich verstehe nicht
  • I feel ill = Ich fühle mich unwohl
  • Menu = Speisekarte
  • Monday = Montag
  • My name is … = Ich heiße …
  • Nine = Neun
  • Ninety = Neunzig
  • No = Nein
  • One = Eins
  • One Hundred = Einhundert
  • One Thousand = Eintausend
  • Open = Geöffnet
  • Please = Bitte
  • Restaurant = Restaurant
  • Saturday = Samstag
  • Seven = Sieben
  • Seventy = Siebzig
  • Six = Sechs
  • Sixty = Sechzig
  • Sunday = Sonntag
  • Ten = Zehn
  • Thank you = Danke
  • Thirty = Dreissig
  • Three = Drei
  • Thursday = Donnerstag
  • Today = Heute
  • Toilets = Toiletten / WC
  • Tomorrow = Morgen
  • Tuesday = Dienstag
  • Twenty = Zwanzig
  • Two = Zwei
  • Wednesday = Mittwoch
  • Where is …? = Wo findet man …?
  • Wine = Wein
  • Yes = Ja
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