Cyprus Weather, climate and geography

Weather & climate

Best time to visit

Cyprus has a sub-tropical climate with sunshine likely on most days of the year. Spring and autumn are pleasantly warm, while summer days are long, dry and hot with temperatures reaching the high 30s and even 40s. The heat is tempered by sea breezes in coastal areas. Winters are mild with often heavy, although sporadic, tropical-style rainstorms. Villages located on higher ground are often subjected to freezing temperatures and frost, while heavy snowfall is experienced in the interior Troodos Mountains and usually stays for several weeks, giving good ski conditions. 

The best time to visit for those who like the heat is June, July and August, although the intense sun can make sightseeing a challenge. Drinking lots of bottled water is essential to avoid dehydration. September to January, and April to May, tend to be quieter and are ideal for exploring the island and enjoying pursuits such as cycling and hiking. The ski season generally runs from early February to March.

Required clothing

Pack lightweight, cotton clothing for the summer months, such as loose tops, shorts and linen trousers, along with a hat to protect against the sun. Warmer medium-weight clothing is ideal for spring, autumn and sunny winter days, together with cardigans or jackets for evening which can get very cold. Rainwear should be packed for winter visits.

Geography

Cyprus is the third-largest island in the Mediterranean and lies to the east at a point where European, Asian and Middle Eastern cultures merge. To the east of the island is Syria and Lebanon, while to the southeast is Israel and to the west is Greece and its Dodecanese group of islands. North of Cyprus is Turkey and to the south Egypt.

 

The island’s landscape varies between rugged coastlines with dramatic gorges, bays and sandy beaches, rocky hills, flat plains, river valleys and forest-covered mountains. The Troodos Mountains dominate the interior of the island. Its highest peak is Mount Olympus at 1,952m (6,400ft) above sea level. North of Nicosia and following a course towards the barren Karpasia Peninsula runs the mountain range of Pentadaktylos, meaning five fingers after its shape. Between the two is the fertile Mesaoria plain where produce is grown.;

To the west of the island is the Akamas peninsula, a thickly wooded area that runs from Agios Georgios around headland to Latsi near Polis. It is home to a vast variety of flora and fauna, many species of which are endemic to Cyprus.  In north Cyprus the Morphou basin runs around the coast of Morphou Bay.

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