Places in Ethiopia

Ethiopia Health Care and Vaccinations

Title Special precautions


Hepatitis A










Yellow Fever


* A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers aged over one year travelling from an infected area. Ethiopia is listed in the endemic zone for yellow fever and travellers arriving from non-endemic zones should note that vaccination is strongly recommended for travel outside the urban areas, even if an outbreak of the disease has not been reported and they would normally not require a vaccination certificate to enter the country.


It is essential to take out comprehensive travel insurance before travelling to Ethiopia and to make sure that necessary vaccinations are up to date. Those with pre-existing medical conditions which require medication should bring the necessary medication with them to last the entirety of their trip. They should also bring a letter from their doctor showing the generic names of the medication and listing any syringes or needles being carried.

There are good private health care facilities within Addis Ababa but outside of the capital, hospitals are often inadequate and lack basic medicines and supplies. The Red Cross Ambulance emergency service number is 917 but it only works in the capital.


Food and drink

All water should be regarded as being potentially contaminated. Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have first been boiled or otherwise sterilised. Milk is unpasteurised and should be boiled. Powdered or tinned milk is available and is advised. Avoid dairy products which are likely to have been made from unboiled milk. Only eat well-cooked meat and fish. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit peeled.

Other risks


Diarrhoeal diseases, including giardiasis, and typhoid fevers are common. Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) is present; avoid swimming and paddling in fresh water. Hepatitis E is widespread; hepatitis B is hyperendemic. Meningococcal meningitis risk is present, particularly in dry areas and during the dry season. Rabies is present. For those at high risk, vaccination before arrival should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without delay.

The high altitude and low oxygen level of much of Ethiopia need time to be acclimatised to. Anyone who suffers from heart ailments or high blood pressure should consult a doctor before travelling.


Visa and passport information is updated regularly and is correct at the time of publishing. You should verify critical travel information independently with the relevant embassy before you travel.