Driving to Kenya
The main international road crossings into Kenya are from Tanzania and Uganda. The main crossing points from Tanzania are at Lunga Lunga, south of Mombasa, and Namanga, on the road to Arusha. There are smaller posts at Isebania and Taveta. From Uganda there are crossing points at Busia and Malaba.
Heading to or from Tanzania, several companies run comfortable shuttle bus services between Nairobi, Arusha and Moshi. These are aimed at tourists who fly into Nairobi and are visiting the game parks in Tanzania’s northern circuit region from Arusha, or are climbing Mount Kilimanjaro from Moshi. The buses take about 5-6 hours in either direction, and drivers assist passengers with border procedures. Reliable operators providing a daily service include Riverside Shuttles (www.riverside-shuttle.com) and Regional Luxury Shuttle (www.regionalluxuryshuttle.com).
Many local bus companies ply the main routes between Nairobi and Mombasa and the major cities in northern Tanzania and Uganda. Most are quite unreliable and safety standards are not to western standards. For Tanzania, the pick of the crop is Dar Express, which connects Nairobi to Arusha, Moshi and Dar es Salaam. The most reliable operators between Nairobi and the Ugandan capital Kampala are Easy Coach (www.easycoach.co.ke) and Queen's Coach.
Kenya also shares remote land borders with Ethiopia, South Sudan and Somalia, but roads are in poor condition and there is no reliable public transport on these routes, which pass through volatile desert areas prone to outbreaks of armed banditry.