Nicaragua Weather, climate and geography

Weather & climate

Best time to visit

The climate in Nicaragua differs according to region, so the best time to go varies. The climate is tropical for most of the country. The dry season is from December to May, and the rainy season is from June to November. On the Pacific side the rainy season runs from May to November. Summer and the dry season, is November to April, with the busiest time being from December to March. The climate on the Atlantic side can be very temperamental and can often be rainy.

Required clothing

Lightweight cottons and linens are required throughout the year. Waterproofs are advisable during the rainy season. Warmer clothes are advised for the northern mountains.


Nicaragua borders Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. To the east lies the Caribbean, and to the west the Pacific. In the north are the Isabella Mountains, while the country's main feature in the southwest is Lake Nicaragua, 148km (92 miles) long and about 55km (34 miles) at its widest. The island of Ometepe is the largest of the 310 islands on the lake. These islands have a reputation for great beauty and are one of the country's main tourist attractions. Lake Managua is situated to the northwest. Volcanoes, including the famous Momotombo, protrude from the surrounding lowlands northwest of the lakes. The country's main rivers are the San Juan, the lower reaches of which form the border with Costa Rica, and the Rio Grande. The Corn Islands (Islas del Maiz) in the Caribbean are two small beautiful islands fringed with white coral and palms. They are very popular as holiday resorts with both Nicaraguans and tourists.

Edited by Jane Duru
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