If you travel to Yemen against FCO advice, you should regularly reassess your security arrangements and carefully plan your movements. Avoid routine, vary your travel routes, and keep a low profile at all times. You should take security advice from the host government and/or competent security experts before any travel within the country. Close security protection and/or a military escort are extremely important. In the event of a further deterioration of the security situation, routes in and out of Sana’a and the other major cities may become blocked and airports closed or inaccessible at little or no notice. You should check your routes in advance of travelling. Don’t advertise your travel or other plans through social media.
- on 5 November 2014, 2 foreign nationals were shot at a Houthi checkpoint in south Sana’a, killing 1 and wounding the other
- on 5 May 2014, 2 French nationals were shot in Sana’a killing 1 and seriously injuring the other
- on 28 April 2014 a German was shot and injured in Sana’a
- on 18 January 2014 an Iranian national was shot and killed in Sana’a
- on 15 December 2014 a Japanese national was seriously injured during a car-jacking in Sana’a
- on 26 November 2014, 2 Belarusian nationals were shot dead outside their hotel in the Al Sabeen district of Sana’a
- on 6 October 2013, a German national was shot and killed outside a supermarket in the Hadda district of Sana’a
On 27 September 2014 a light anti-tank weapon was fired at a military checkpoint in the area of a building belonging to the US Embassy. There were no casualties. There is an ongoing threat against foreigners and you are strongly advised to avoid places frequented by foreign nationals and to avoid travelling in an insecure and visible way.
There is limited state control over parts of the country, especially in Sa’dah in the north and in Abyan, Hadramawt and parts of other governorates in the south.
There have been an increasing number of attacks against Yemeni security forces in Hadramawt and Aden, including assassinations of security officials.
There have been tensions between local Hadrawmi tribes and parts of the Yemeni Government since late 2013. Since May 2014, there has been an increase in terrorist activity in Hadramawt. On 25 May 2014, AQAP attacked Sayun city police and army bases, public buildings, the main post office and 2 banks. Dozens were killed or injured. On 26 June 2014, AQAP attacked Sayun Airport, including bombing its air traffic control tower. On 6 August 2014, 14 off-duty troops travelling from Hadramawt to Sana’a were captured and killed by AQAP.
On 21 September 2014 the Government of Yemen and the Houthi-led Ansar Allah party signed a Peace and National Partnership Agreement to end Houthi aggression towards the capital. Since then the Houthis have occupied key positions, including government ministries, in Sana’a and established their presence in governorates to the south, east and west of Sana’a including Hodeida, Dhamar, al Bayda and Marib. This has led to significant armed clashes between Houthi forces and other armed groups, including AQAP and tribes. Houthis continue to man checkpoints in Sana’a and other parts of the country, several of which are manned by armed children. AQAP continue to target Houthi checkpoints, and Houthis in general. Since October 2014, there have been a number of large-scale attacks on Houthis.
Between 19-20 January there were heavy clashes began between the Houthis and Yemeni Security Forces in Sana’a. These are focussed on the Presidential Palace and President Hadi’s house, with fighting in other parts of the city as well. The Yemeni President and Prime Minister resigned on 22 January. On 6 February, the Houthis announced the immediate dissolution of Parliament. The political situation is uncertain and the threat of a further escalation of violence and disorder remains.
The instability in the north of the country has led to those in the south who support secession to call for southern independence and to draw attention to southern grievances. A protest camp has been established in al Arood Square. On 29 October 2014, 2 people were killed and 6 wounded when protestors attempted to gain access to a military camp in Aden’s Khor Maksar district.
Tribal disputes over land are common, including in major cities, and may involve the use of weapons. Take care at all times. Incidents may not be solely criminal in nature, but may be linked to terrorism or other insecurity. Weapons are readily available.
Houthi forces continue to control a number of routes in and out of the capital Sana’a. In the event of a breakdown of law and order access routes in and out of major cities may be closed or blocked. Check that the road is open before starting your journey.
If you wish to drive outside Sana’a you will need prior permission from the Yemen Tourist Police. Travel permits may take at least 24 hours to issue and are best obtained through a travel agent. If you travel without permission you may be detained and/or deported. The British Embassy is only able to offer very limited consular assistance, particularly outside Sana’a, due to restrictions on travel.
You can drive in Yemen using an International Driving Permit. Driving standards are poor and mountain roads hazardous. You should avoid all road travel outside the main cities at night. Take care to avoid minefields left over from civil wars. Travelling off well-used tracks without an experienced guide could be dangerous, particularly in parts of the south and the central highlands.
A number of airlines continue to fly to and from Sana’a and Aden, domestic airlines fly to other airports in Yemen. You should check with your airline before travelling. Flights may be cancelled with little or no notice.
There are no direct cargo or passenger flights between Yemen and the EU. Previous aviation incidents have included a failed attempt to bomb an aircraft destined for the USA, and two explosive devices identified in air cargo originating from Yemen.
The FCO can’t offer advice on the safety of other airlines. However, the International Air Transport Association publishes a list of registered airlines that have been audited and found to meet a number of operational safety standards and recommended practices. This list is not exhaustive and the absence of an airline from this list does not necessarily mean that it is unsafe.
Attacks of piracy against vessels in and around the Gulf of Aden, Somali Basin and Indian Ocean are continuing. Sailing and other low-speed vessels are at particular risk, as are shipping vessels which have not adopted agreed industry best practice, including on routing. Maritime terrorism cannot be ruled out.
Mariners should maintain a high state of awareness and be alert to tensions in Yemeni and regional waters. Consult the UK Maritime Trade Operation (UKMTO) during transit.
See our Piracy in the Indian Ocean page.
On 22 January the President, Prime Minister, and Cabinet resigned. On 6 February, the Houthis announced the immediate dissolution of Parliament. The political and security situation remains uncertain and volatile.
Politically motivated demonstrations take place across Yemen and are likely to continue. There have been injuries and deaths at some demonstrations. Western diplomatic missions have been the focus for some protests. There is the potential for increased tensions on Fridays. You should avoid all demonstrations.