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the fp is getting-around

Getting Around Kenya


Nairobi has two airports for domestic and regional flights: Jomo Kenyatta International Airport and Wilson Airport ( Kenya has over 150 domestic airports and airstrips and there are daily flights to the most popular destinations. In addition to the scheduled airlines, several private charter companies operate out of Wilson Airport.

Kenya Airways (, Air Kenya (, Fly 540 (, Mombasa Air Safari ( and Safarilink ( serve the most popular safari destinations, plus many others such as Lake Victoria.

Departure tax

All taxes are included in the price of an air ticket.

Air Note

On smaller, domestic planes the baggage allowance is restricted to 10-15 kg (22-33 lbs). Arrangements can be made to leave excess luggage with hotels or airlines.


Main roads between the major cities and towns are generally in good condition, and easily navigable in a normal saloon car. Most highways in the south are paved, but that’s not the case in the north.

Side of the road


Road Quality

While major roads are generally in a good condition, most minor gravel roads have deep potholes which deteriorate further in the rainy season. Dirt roads, including those in the parks and reserves, are extremely rough, and some are only passable with a 4-wheel drive.

Road Classification

Less than 15% of Kenya’s estimated 161,000 km (100,041 miles) of roads are tarred. The rest are gravel or dirt tracks. There are several major tarred routes classified as ‘A’ or ‘B’ roads, which include the A109 from Nairobi to Mombasa, the A104 from Nairobi to Namanga, and the B2 from Nakuru to the Uganda border.

Car Hire

You can hire self-drive and chauffeur-driven cars from travel agents and international hire companies. Drivers must be at least 23-25 years of age and have a minimum of 2 years driving experience. Budget ( and Europcar ( have outlets at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi. Budget also has a desk at Moi International Airport in Mombasa, while Europcar has an office in town. Car hire can be expensive and rates vary significantly.


Matatus (shared minibus taxis) hop from town to town, starting and finishing at bus stations. Fares are paid to the conductor. Private taxis can also be hired for long-distance journeys.


Kenya Motorbike Hire ( rent motorbikes in Nairobi. Some of the beach resorts hire out bicycles.


Numerous private bus companies operate in Kenya. Most vehicles are old and tend to depart when full, which means there are no set timetables. Petty theft on the vehicles and at bus stations can be a problem. Nevertheless, buses are cheap and link all long-distance destinations. Plus, seatbelts are now mandatory, so buses are relatively safe.


Speed limits are 110kph (68mph) on dual carriageways, 100kph (62mph) on single carriageways and 50kph (31mph) in built-up urban areas. It is compulsory to wear a seatbelt and obligatory that all vehicles carry two red triangles to be placed 20m (66ft) in front and behind the vehicle in the event of a breakdown.

Breakdown services

Automobile Association of Kenya (tel: +254 20 697 9000; 


A driving licence from a home country (and a translation if the license is not in English) or an International Driving Permit is required. Third-party insurance is mandatory when hiring a car and it’s recommended to take out the additional collision damage waiver. A valid credit card is also needed.

Urban travel

Nairobi and Mombasa have efficient bus systems and there are also frequent matatus, but reckless driving and petty theft makes them a risky option for tourists. Three-wheeled auto rickshaws are popular in town centres and carry up to three passengers.

The newer fleets of taxis (usually painted white with a yellow band) are reliable and have meters. The older yellow taxis do not have meters, so fares should be agreed in advance. In Nairobi, there is a fleet of London-style black cabs. A 10% tip is expected. Cabs cannot be hailed in the street, but can be found parked in taxi ranks.


A new train line connecting Nairobi and Mombasa was launched in 2017. Passengers on the Madaraka Express have two daily options – the inter county train leaving at 0800 and arriving at 1355, or the express train leaving at 1430 and arriving at 1920. This service replaces the unreliable overnight train nicknamed “The Lunatic Express”.

Tickets can be purchased online (

For train schedules see here (

The railway connecting Nairobi to Kampala (Uganda) via Kisumu is no longer operational, but it's possible that services may resume at some point.


Mombasa is located on an island just offshore. The mainland is linked by bridges with one exception: the south coast which is reached by the Likoni Ferry. This takes foot passengers and vehicles to beach resorts in the south. There are also a few irregular ferry services operating on Lake Victoria.