Nauru from the air
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Nauru from the air

© Creative Commons / Cedric

Nauru Travel Guide

Key Facts

21 sq km (8 sq miles).


9,434 (2013).

Population density

449.2 per sq km.


There is no capital. Government offices are in Yaren district.


Republic. Gained independence in 1968.

Head of state

President Baron Waqa since 2013.

Head of government

President Baron Waqa since 2013.


240 volts AC, 50Hz. Power cuts are common. Australian-style three-pin (flat) plugs are used.

Nauru is not your typical Pacific island. Although ringed by a beautiful coral reef, the island's interior has been ravaged by decades of phosphate mining. The sea is subject to strong currents, meaning swimming and diving are more or less off limits.

Tourism has never featured highly on Nauru's agenda, but there are a couple of hotels and a handful of attractions - remnants of the Japanese WWII occupation, small beaches, a Chinatown of sorts and the lunar-like landscape of the mined centre. This tiny island republic has gone from being one of the world's richest nations (in terms of per capita income) to a country on the edge of economic ruin. When the phosphate began to run out, the economy took a downward turn.

Nauru's airline has recently been resurrected and signs of vegetation are beginning to appear inland, so perhaps a few more curious travellers will begin to visit.

Travel Advice

Last updated: 28 March 2015

The travel advice summary below is provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. 'We' refers to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. For their full travel advice, visit

Political situation

The political situation has been unstable over the past few years.