Top events in Puerto Rico

April
21

One of several annual festivals for foodies, Saborea features demonstrations by famous chefs from the island and abroad, as well as tasting menus...

July
21

Salsa lovers from all over the world flock to the island for this annual event, which typically lasts two weeks and features numerous...

January
01

Just when you thought the holidays (Thanksgiving, Christmas, New Year and Three Kings Day) were over, Puerto Rico offers one last holiday party...

Guánica, Puerto Rico
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Guánica, Puerto Rico

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Puerto Rico Travel Guide

Key Facts
Area

8,870 sq km (3,425 sq miles).

Population

3.6 million (2013).

Population density

411 per sq km.

Capital

San Juan.

Government

Self-governing US Commonwealth Territory (incorporated). Gained internal autonomy in 1952.

Head of state

President Barack Obama since 2009.

Head of government

Governor Alejandro García Padilla since 2013.

Electricity

120 volts AC, 60Hz. American flat two-pin plugs (with or without third grounding pin) are standard.

With tropical rainforest, warm turquoise waters and soft yellow sand, Puerto Rico (Rich Port) is certainly abundant in natural riches. Most visitors are attracted to the island's beaches, and understandably so. From San Juan's calmer Atlantic waters to Rincón's ripping surf breaks, and from Culebra's picture-perfect Flamenco Beach (rated one of the top 10 beaches in the world by the Discovery Channel) to Vieques' nearly deserted beaches where wild horses roam, there really is sand and surf for every type of beach bum in Puerto Rico.

There are many other attractions besides the beach, however, which is perhaps surprising given that this island is relatively small in size (approximately 161km/100 miles by 63km/39 miles). The island has three of the world's bioluminescent bays, glow-in-the-dark bodies of water that you can kayak or motorboat into for a nighttime lightshow (the dinoflagellates in the water make it sparkle like glitter).

The interior of the island has a mountain range with impressive views, a massive system of limestone formations and caves, and the only tropical rainforest in the US National Forest System. The southeastern interior has a desert, complete with cacti! The island's interior also has interesting opportunities to learn more about Puerto Rico's history and culture through the Fideicomiso's (Nature Conservancy's) network of sites, including Hacienda Buena Vista (an old coffee plantation) and Hacienda Esperanza (an old sugar plantation). Venture off the beaten path and you'll likely find yourself the sole adventurer in the island's beautiful interior region.

In addition to the mainland of Puerto Rico, there are several smaller ‘sister’ islands that belong to Puerto Rico which are popular among visitors. Culebra and Vieques, off the mainland's eastern coast, are favourites of tourists and locals alike. And the mysteriously named Caja de Muertos (literally, Coffin Island) is a favourite of people who love wildlife watching.

Culturally, the island of Puerto Rico is a vibrant and multicultural destination, integrating and remixing what it calls its three ‘roots’: Taino (an indigenous group), Spanish and African. The country is in the Caribbean but not wholly of it, influenced both by Latin America and the USA, with which it has a colonial relationship. This blend of cultures makes for interesting music, food, and celebrations, as well as some curious aspects of daily life, including language (rather than use the Spanish word for ‘parking’, for example, you're likely to see ‘Parking’ or ‘Parkin'’).

Islanders embrace all that is modern (you'll see police riding motorcycles with their cell phones tucked under their helmets, talking while driving), while cherishing and preserving their past. Many buildings in historic Old San Juan, home to two UNESCO World Heritage sites, proudly preserve their original Spanish style. Visitors are typically enchanted by blue cobblestone streets and pastel-painted colonial buildings. Here, it feels as if you can reach out and touch history.

Visitors to the island rarely come just once. The warm weather is rivalled by Puerto Ricans' friendliness. Travellers here often make lifelong friends out of acquaintances they've met while sharing lechon asado and tostones (roast pork and plantain chips), or while dancing salsa at a popular club like the Nuyorican.

Travel Advice

Most visits to Puerto Rico are trouble-free but you should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate international terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.

This advice is based on information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. It is correct at time of publishing. As the situation can change rapidly, visitors are advised to contact the following organisations for the latest travel advice:

British Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Tel: 020 7008 1500.
Website: www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice

US Department of State
Website: http://travel.state.gov/travel

Edited by Jane Duru
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