110 volts AC, 60Hz. US-style two-pin plugs are the most commonly used fittings.
Though best known for its oil politics and feisty president, Venezuela is in fact an action-packed traveller's destination endowed with an astonishing array of landscapes and experiences. Tropical beaches, vast wetlands, great rivers, idyllic colonial towns, little-explored jungle and majestic mountains are among the South American country's varied settings. Visitors can choose from a wealth of adventure activities or just kick back and enjoy the resort experience. The clear, warm waters of its Caribbean coastline and numerous offshore islands are ideal for snorkelling and diving. The tropical lowlands harbour an enormous array of wildlife, lush vegetation and dramatic waterfalls, while high Andean peaks challenge trekkers and mountaineers.
Originally inhabited by Carib and Arawak Indians, Venezuela was claimed as a Spanish territory by Christopher Columbus in 1498. Spanish rule was administered from a distance, leaving the various regions to develop separately from the capital, Caracas. In the 18th century, Simón Bolívar led widespread resistance to colonial meddling, and Venezuela finally became a sovereign state in 1830.Today's politics are dominated by President Hugo Chávez, who draws on the support of the disaffected masses of poor Venezuelans. Despite attempts by the opposition to remove him, Chávez has remained a formidable political force, gaining another six-year term after an overwhelming victory in 2006.
Several large scale protest marches have taken place across Venezuela recently. Large scale demonstrations may turn violent, with little or no warning. You are advised to take particular care to avoid demonstrations
Travellers are advised against all travel to within 80 kms (50 miles) of the Colombian border in the states of Zulia, Tachira and Apure. We advise against all but essential travel to the remainder of Tachira and Apure states. Drug traffickers and illegal armed groups are active in these states and there is a risk of kidnapping. In addition, travellers should take particular care if attempting to cross in to Colombia from any state since border crossings can attract criminal activity. Travellers should only use official crossing points.
The incidence of street crime in Venezuela is high. It is not advisable to carry large amounts of money, wear valuable watches or jewellery or use mobile phones in the street.
There have been muggings and kidnappings by bogus taxi operators at Caracas International Airport (Maiquetia). The road from the airport to Caracas is dangerous. Where possible, journeys on this route should be made in daylight hours. There are significant delays on this route and travellers should allow extra time for the journey to and from the airport. The airport itself can be a dangerous place.
âExpress kidnappingsâ are on the increase. Travellers should exercise caution when arriving in, and travelling around, Venezuela and be aware of the general risks of crime for visitors.
Penalties for handling illicit drugs are amongst the most severe in the Americas.
Political opinion in Venezuela is polarised. Demonstrations may take place with little warning and can turn violent. Many Venezuelans carry guns and the police and Guardia Nacional are heavily armed when involved in crowd control situations. Demonstrations are a regular occurrance in Venezuela. Travellers should exercise caution in Caracas and other major urban centres and avoid large public gatherings.
Cases of Dengue Fever are increasingly common throughout Venezuela and there is presently a confirmed outbreak in Amazonas State in the south of the country. There have been fatalities associated with this outbreak. Dengue is spread by mosquitoes. Travellers are advised to take appropriate precautions.
This advice is based on information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. It is correct at time of publishing. As the situation can change rapidly, visitors are advised to contact the following organisations for the latest travel advice: