Republic. Gained independence from Belgium in 1962.
Head of state:
President Pierre Nkurunziza since 2005.
Head of government:
President Pierre Nkurunziza since 2005.
220 volts AC, 50Hz. European-style plugs with two rounded pins are usually used.
Burundi is a country of wonderful landscapes, from mountaintops to forests, huge lakes to tropical plateau. Yet this topographical patchwork mirrors Burundi's cultural patchwork, one which has interwoven both Hutu and Tutsi tribal strands, often with violent consequences.
Burundi's situation is improving. President Nkurunziza, democratically elected in 2005, is engaged in peace talks and has announced applauded measures, such as that of introducing free education. However, there is still a danger of indiscriminate attacks from rebel groups in Burundi. Until these incidents are fully quashed, many will miss out on seeing the beauty of Burundi for themselves.
Last updated: 27 February 2015
The travel advice summary below is provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. 'We' refers to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. For their full travel advice, visit www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice.
There’s a high risk of crime. Muggings at gun and knife point, bag snatching, pick-pocketing, burglary, car break-ins, and armed car hijackings have all been reported. Avoid walking in the streets or using public transport after dark, even in Bujumbura city centre, and don’t carry large amounts of money. Take care when withdrawing or exchanging cash, and avoid doing so at night.
Arrange guards for homes and stay at hotels that have good security. Safeguard valuables and cash. Use hotel safes, where possible. Keep copies of important documents, including your passport and visa, separately. Be wary of who you plan to meet and where, and inform colleagues or family members of your plans.
The security situation across Burundi stabilised when the last remaining rebel group was officially disarmed in 2009. However, Burundi is still volatile, particularly in the run-up to the 2015 elections.
There have been incursions and clashes between armed groups, including an armed attack on civilian vehicles. The threat of ambush by bandits remains high. If you’re travelling in rural areas check the latest security situation with the UN office in Burundi (tel: + 257 22205598) and make contact with your destination before you leave.
You can drive in Burundi on a full UK driving licence for the first 6 months after you arrive. You’ll then need to get a Burundi driving licence. There are only a small number of asphalt roads and these are sometimes in poor condition. Driving standards are poor and there are frequent serious accidents. Main roads can become blocked by landslides, particularly after heavy rain. Keep car doors locked and windows closed when driving.
Access in to and out of Bujumbura city is controlled by police at night.
Road blocks and document checks are common, and not always official. Carry a copy of your passport and visa, but you may be required to produce the originals.
Avoid travelling on collective and public transport (buses and motorbike taxis), due to poor vehicle maintenance and low driving standards.
Five carriers fly in and out of Burundi: Rwandair, Ethiopian Airlines, Kenyan Airways, South African Airways, Uganda Airlines and Brussels Airlines.
The EU has published a list of air carriers that are subject to an operating ban or restrictions within the EU.
Burundi held a series of elections in 2010, which were mainly peaceful. Pierre Nkurunziza was returned as president with a large share of the vote, and his CNDD-FDD Party occupy a majority position in the government.
Presidential elections are due to be held in mid 2015. Political demonstrations and protests may become more frequent in the run up to the elections.
These demonstrations may become violent. The police have used live ammunition and tear gas against demonstrators in the past. You should therefore avoid all demonstrations and large gatherings.
There is no British Embassy in Bujumbura. Burundi is covered by the British High Commission in Kigali, Rwanda. However, the British Embassy Liaison Office (telephone: +257 22 24 64 78 or + 257 22 25 03 66; address: Building Old East, Place de L’Independence, Bujumbura), can provide limited advice and assistance. The Belgian Embassy in Burundi is able to provide consular assistance to British nationals. All visitors or long term residents should register with the Belgian Embassy: Boulevard de la Liberté, 9, Bujumbura; telephone: + 257 22 22 32 66 or + 257 22 22 61 76; email: Bujumbura@diplobel.org.