Places in Latvia

Top events in Latvia


Every year on 4 May, Latvia celebrates the day it declared independence from the Soviet Union and became an independent state, in 1990. Events...


For one night in May, museums in Riga and the surrounding areas remain open long after midnight. Their traditional exhibitions are accompanied by...


Formed in 1997 by renowned violinist Gidon Kremer, Kremerata Baltica is an outstanding chamber orchestra consisting of 27 young musicians from...

Riga at Christmas time, Latvia
Pin This
Open Media Gallery

Riga at Christmas time, Latvia

© iStockphoto / Thinkstock

Latvia Travel Guide

Key Facts

64,589 sq km (24,938 sq miles).


2.03 million (2013).

Population density

32 per sq km.




Republic. Gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

Head of state

President Andris Bērziņš since 2011.

Head of government

Prime Minister Laimdota Straujuma since 2014.


220 volts AC, 50Hz. Round two-pin plugs are in use.

Officially known as the Republic of Latvia, this small nation was tucked behind the Iron Curtain until the early nineties. Today it is one of the most visited countries in the Baltics and lures visitors with its dramatic landscapes, rich heritage and vibrant capital, Riga.

Declared European Capital of Culture in 2014, the city has one of the most impressive collections of Art Nouveau buildings in the world, not to mention a stunning UNESCO World Heritage old town. The latter is home to medieval churches, grand Renaissance properties and a spectacular market, which is held inside defunct zeppelin hangers from WWII. The old town is dominated by Riga Cathedral, the largest medieval church in the Baltics and one of many attractions in Riga vying for visitors’ attention.

The path beyond Riga is, for now, not quite so well-trodden. However, riches await those pressing further into the country; there’s the rural paradise that is Rundāle Palace, the dramatic fort of Turaida Castle and the charming Latvian Ethnographic Open Air Museum. The beautifully preserved historic towns of Kuldīga and Cēsis also warrant excursions.

Latvia is rich in natural attractions, too, like the Gulf of Riga and the windswept coastline along the Baltic Sea, which is home to seemingly infinite, sandy shores. Jūrmala, just 40 minutes from Riga, could be in the Mediterranean with its 30km (18 miles) golden beach, which is lined with spas, thermal mud pools and seafood restaurants.

Inland, national parks and nature reserves abound, but Gauja National Park is the most famous. This picturesque river valley is a place of unremitting beauty; of rushing rivers, ancient sandstone cliffs and, in spring, a mass of white cherry blossom. Gauja National Park is not only great for hiking, cycling and watersports, but also one of the best birdwatching sites in Latvia, after Pape and Cape Kolka.

While low cost air travel has opened Latvia up to the masses, most visitors are still struggling to stray far beyond the capital. However, those who do find treasure in this country, which, as the tourist board likes to tell you, is “best enjoyed slowly.”

Travel Advice

Last updated: 30 January 2015

The travel advice summary below is provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. 'We' refers to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. For their full travel advice, visit

There is a low threat from terrorism. 

Around 48,100 British tourists visited Latvia in 2012.  Most visits are trouble-free.