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Lekki Market, Nigeria
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Lekki Market, Nigeria

© Creative Commnos / shawn-i-am

Nigeria Travel Guide

Key Facts

923,768 sq km (356,669 sq miles).


166.2 million (2012).

Population density

174 per sq km.




Republic. Gained independence from the UK in 1960.

Head of state

President Goodluck Jonathan since 2010.

Head of government

President Goodluck Jonathan since 2010.


240 volts AC, 50Hz. British-style plugs with three square pins are most commonly used.

From the loud laughter of traffic-choked Lagos to the green-fringed villages that line rivers and streams, Nigeria is one of the most exciting places to visit in Africa.

Once known only for oil and chaos, the country is changing rapidly. It has a rising middle class, a dynamic arts scene and more miles of golden sand than you can shake a bucket and spade at. Its national parks are home to some of the last remaining endangered species in West Africa, while its mountains offer a cooler climate and spectacular views of the most populous country in Africa.

Those 166 million people are as diverse as the nation itself; in the north, you'll see men in colourful Muslim dress lining prayer mats on Fridays, while their southern counterparts play checkers before church. The cuisine too is varied; there are hot and spicy dishes, fresh fish and meat, and yet fast food and imported dishes too.

But Nigeria's greatest asset - its wealth of native races and religions, its vibrant population - have also proven its downfall on countless explosive occasions, and military overthrows, coups and assassinations have been numerous. Apart from the dire economic situation, there was growing religious conflict. A particular problem was the decision of several local and regional governments in the mainly Muslim north to introduce a version of Islamic Shari'a law, very unpopular amongst non-Muslim minorities. Hundreds were killed in inter-communal clashes in 2000 and again in 2002. The government may be more stable than it once was, but tensions between the Muslim north and the more Christian south boil over often, and sadly security is now an issue when travelling to the north.

Yet, for all its domestic difficulties, Nigeria remains the major regional power and its troops intervened in a number of conflicts throughout West Africa during the 1990s. Regional stability of the West African region has become a major international issue in recent years since the discovery of new oil and gas deposits in West African waters, and Nigeria is now the continent's biggest oil producer. Its economy, too, is booming and in 2014 it overtook South Africa with the biggest GDP - at US $509bn - on the continent.

If you're looking for a quiet, easy travel destination, Nigeria isn't it, but if you want to feel the excitement of an emerging country, this land will blow you away. Dance the night away at a Nigerian wedding party, sip champagne with up and coming supermodels, buy art in the hipster Lagos district of Yabi, and then head into the mountains for some down time beneath cascading waterfalls. Nigeria is loud and brash, but it also has a quieter, more reflective side that deserves to be seen. In fact it has so many faces that at times it feels more like a continent than a single country, and the only way to experience it is to go.

Travel Advice

Last updated: 26 January 2015

The travel advice summary below is provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. 'We' refers to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. For their full travel advice, visit

The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) advise against all travel to:

  • Borno State
  • Yobe State
  • Adamawa State
  • Bauchi State
  • Gombe State
  • Kano city
  • Okene City
  • Riverine areas of Delta, Bayelsa, Rivers, Akwa Ibom and Cross River States
  • Warri city

The FCO advise against all but essential travel to: 

  • Kano State
  • Kaduna State
  • Jigawa State
  • Katsina State
  • Sokoto State
  • Zamfara State
  • Kebbi State
  • Jos city in Plateau State
  • Riyom and Barkin Ladi Local Government Areas of Plateau State
  • Okene region of Kogi State
  • Non-riverine areas of Delta, Bayelsa, Rivers and Akwa Ibom States
  • Abia State

There is a high threat from terrorism. Most attacks occur in the north east, particularly in Borno, Yobe, Adamawa and Gombe states. There have also been significant attacks in Kano, Kaduna, Jos, Bauchi, Abuja and Lagos. Further attacks could occur anywhere.

The level of consular assistance available to British nationals in areas to which the FCO advise against all or all but essential travel is limited.

You should avoid public places where crowds gather, including religious gatherings and insecure public spaces like markets and transport hubs. In recent years, attacks have taken place around religious and public holidays in public or crowded places, including places of worship. You should be particularly vigilant during these periods. Avoid affected areas in the immediate aftermath of any attack.

A heavy security presence often indicates areas of particularly high risk.

Boko Haram issued a video on 19 February 2014 threatening to attack oil installations and oil workers in the Niger Delta region of south-east Nigeria.

Presidential and National Assembly elections will be held in Nigeria on 14 February 2015 and Gubernatorial and State Assembly elections on 28 February 2015. Take extra care and be vigilant during the election period, particularly in areas where there are political or other large public gatherings. Pre-election rallies may be called at short notice and lead to travel disruption. Restrictions on vehicle movements may be imposed at short notice, particularly on election days. You should monitor local media for details of rallies or travel problems.

There is a high threat of kidnap throughout Nigeria. Recent terrorist kidnaps have occurred mostly in northern Nigeria, but could occur anywhere in Nigeria. Kidnaps can be for financial or political gain, and can be motivated by criminality or terrorism.

Nigeria was declared free of Ebola on 20 October by the World Health Organisation, following 20 confirmed cases in the summer of 2014.

Ebola virus disease outbreaks are on-going in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia. If you travel to this region you should follow the health advice issued by the National Travel Health Network and Centre. For further details about the outbreak, see the World Health Organisation website, and this map. Anyone with concerns about either exposure to or showing symptoms of Ebola should seek immediate medical advice. In the UK call NHS on 111.

Demonstrations and civil unrest can occur at short notice. Follow news reports and be alert to developments. If you become aware of any nearby protests you should leave the area immediately. A number of curfews are in force.

Before considering any travel, take professional security advice. Be vigilant at all times, keep others informed of your travel plans and vary your routines. You should follow your employer’s security advice, make sure your accommodation is secure and review your security measures regularly.

Violent crime is common in the south of the country, including Lagos.

Flash flooding can occur during the wet season (June to October). There is a greater risk from water-borne diseases during the rainy season.

Around 117,000 British nationals visit Nigeria each year.