St Peter's Square, Vatican City
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St Peter's Square, Vatican City


Vatican City Travel Guide

Key Facts

0.44 sq km (0.17 sq miles).


800 (2014).

Population density

1,818.2 per sq km.


The State of the Vatican City came into existence in 1929.

Head of state

Pope Francis since 2013.

Head of government

Pope Francis since 2013.


230 volts, 50Hz. Plugs with two round pins or three round pins in a row are used.

The Vatican City is the world's smallest sovereign state and is situated entirely within the city of Rome. Sprawling over a hill west of the River Tiber, Vatican City is famed for the sights of St Peter's Church, St Peter's Square, the Vatican itself, the Vatican Garden and of course the magnificent St Peter's Basilica.

Near St Peter's stands the Vatican Palace, the Pope's residence. Among the principal features of the Palace are the Stanze, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museum, containing major works of art and valuable pictures.

Travel Advice

Most visits to the Vatican City are trouble-free but you should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate international terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.

This advice is based on information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. It is correct at time of publishing. As the situation can change rapidly, visitors are advised to contact the following organisations for the latest travel advice:

British Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Tel: 020 7008 1500.

US Department of State