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World Travel Guide > Guides > Africa > Botswana

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Botswana Health Care and Vaccinations

Title Special precautions
Tetanus Yes
Typhoid Yes
Hepatitis A Yes
Yellow Fever No*
Diphtheria Sometimes
Rabies Sometimes
Malaria Yes

* A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from all travellers over one year of age travelling from infected areas.

Health Care

The dust and heat may cause problems for some people. Visitors should use sun protection, especially due to Botswana's high altitude. The public health system is good. All main towns have chemists, and pharmaceutical supplies are readily available. Health insurance is essential.

Food and Drink

Tap water is considered safe to drink, although outside main cities and towns, visitors are advised to check first and sterilise water if in any doubt. Bottled water is available in most tourist centres. Milk is pasteurised, and dairy products, local meat, poultry, seafood, fruit and vegetables are generally safe.

Other Risks

Vaccinations for tuberculosis and hepatitis B are sometimes recommended. Hepatitis C occurs. Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) is endemic; avoid swimming and paddling in fresh water. Tick-bite fever can be a problem when walking in the bush. It is advisable to wear loose-fitting clothes and to search the body for ticks. Rabies is present in animals. For those at high risk, vaccination before arrival should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without delay.