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World Travel Guide > Guides > Africa > Chad

Chad Health Care and Vaccinations

Title Special precautions
Diphtheria Yes
Hepatitis A Yes
Malaria Yes
Rabies Sometimes
Tetanus Yes
Typhoid Yes
Yellow Fever Yes*

* A yellow fever certificate is required from travellers over one year of age.

Health Care

Medical facilities are poor, particularly in the north, and health insurance (to include emergency repatriation) is essential.

Food and Drink

All water should be regarded as being potentially contaminated. Water
used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have first been
boiled or otherwise sterilised. Milk is unpasteurised and should be
boiled. Powdered or tinned milk is available and is advised. Avoid all dairy
products. Only eat well-cooked meat and fish. Vegetables should
be cooked and fruit peeled.

Other Risks

Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) is present, but only in the
south and southeast of the country; avoid swimming and paddling in
fresh water. Meningococcal meningitis occurs, particularly in the savannah areas during the dry season (November to May). Immunisation against hepatitis B and tuberculosis should be considered for longer visits. Hepatitis E is widespread in the region (especially in the north and east of
Chad). HIV/AIDS is prevalent. Rabies
is present. For those at high risk, vaccination before arrival should
be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without delay.