Albania Health Care and Vaccinations
* A certificate of vaccination is required from travellers over one year of age coming from infected areas.
Medical facilities (including accident and emergency) are basic and there is a lack of both supplies and doctors. Governmental hospitals often lack drugs and equipment and are not particularly hygienic. The private or faith-affiliated clinics in Tirana provide the best standard of care. Travellers are strongly advised to take out full medical insurance before departure.
Food and Drink
Tap water is chlorinated and is fine for brushing teeth. However, bottled water is advised for drinking, especially outside Tirana.
Brucellosis and tuberculosis are present in Albanian dairy cattle. Unpasteurised milk and homemade cheese should be avoided; however, in cafes and restaurants the milk is often UHT, and therefore safe.
Measles outbreaks are ongoing in Albania, so those without proper immunisations are at risk for contracting the disease when traveling.
Rabies is rare in Albania, but medical treatment should always be sought following an animal or bat bite.
Tick-borne encephalitis is spread through the bites of infected ticks. Hikers should check for ticks at the end of each day and should consider a vaccination.
Immunisation against hepatitis B should be considered by those who will be working in healthcare or with children.