the fp is health
Luxembourg Health Care and Vaccinations
There are no major health risks in Luxembourg, no compulsory vaccinations, no endemic diseases to be concerned about, and along with the rest of Northern Europe, the standards of hygiene are generally very high. If you do require treatment for any reason, the standards of medical care you will receive will be excellent. Tap water is safe to drink anywhere in the country. As with any country, keeping regular booster vaccinations against Tetanus and Polio up to date is highly recommended. Elderly or vulnerable visitors travelling during the winter months may with to consider vaccination against Influenza, as outbreaks do occur.
If you are suddenly taken ill or unlucky enough to be involved in an accident during a visit to Luxembourg, free or reduced-cost necessary treatment is available for European travellers - in most cases on production of a valid European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). Comprehensive insurance is advised for all other nationals. Even EU travellers may wish to consider taking out additional insurance that covers the costs of repatriation to your home country in the event of an accident. Standards of healthcare in Luxembourg are as high as anywhere else in the world. In a medical emergency, the number to dial to call an ambulance is 112.
Luxembourg City’s two biggest medical facilities are Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg (4 Rue Nicolas Ernest Barblé, Luxembourg City; tel: 441 111; www.chl.lu), and Kirchberg Hospital (9 Rue Edward Steichen, Luxembourg City; tel: 24681; www.chk.lu). Both offer world-class treatment.
Food and Drink
Tap water is safe to drink everywhere in Luxembourg. Most Luxembourgers drink bottled mineral water, but this is a taste preference, and not based on any perceived medical risk. Food served in restaurants is generally prepared to exacting hygiene standards and poses no specific risks. As anywhere, travellers' diarrhoea can strike those without strong constitutions, but this can be caused by a change of water supply and is not necessarily a sign of infection. As with anywhere, shellfish can be a problem, so exercise reasonable caution, although incidences of infection are rare and isolated.
There is a slight risk of Lime Disease (carried by deer ticks) in rural areas, but cases are exceedingly rare and normal precautions (wearing long trousers when walking through thickly forested areas) are sufficient. Avoid drinking water directly from streams. Insect bites, particularly from horseflies, can also be a factor in rural areas, but these are more of a nuisance than a serious issue, resulting in swelling and itching rather than major health problem. Consider carrying some form of anti-histamine cream as relief if you are planning on doing any hiking.