Iran Health Care and Vaccinations

Title Special precautions
Diphtheria Yes
Hepatitis A Yes
Malaria Sometimes
Rabies Sometimes
Tetanus Yes
Typhoid Sometimes
Yellow Fever No*

* A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from all travellers coming from infected areas.

Health Care

Health facilities are limited in remote areas. Medical insurance is essential.

Food and Drink

Mains water is normally chlorinated, and whilst relatively safe, may cause mild abdominal upsets. Bottled water is available and is advised for the first few weeks of the stay. Pasteurised milk is available; unpasteurised milk should be boiled. Powdered or tinned milk is available and is advised. Avoid dairy products which are likely to have been made from unboiled milk. Only eat well-cooked meat and fish. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit peeled.

Other Risks

Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) is present in southwestern Iran; avoid swimming and paddling in stagnant water. Travellers’ diarrhoea is relatively common. Diarrhoeal diseases are common. Hepatitis B occurs. Rabies is present. For those at high risk, vaccination before arrival should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without delay.


While Tehran does not place restrictions on travellers visiting for up to three months, travellers from South Africa specifically may be required to take an HIV test. South African travellers are advised to contact their embassy before departing. Iran may deny visas to HIV positive travellers. Those seeking a work or residency visa require an HIV negative test.

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