Top events in Belgium

August
01

Held each August in honour of one of the city's most famous sons, the Rubens Market is a colourful event where traders dress in the clothes that...

November
20

Bruges’ fairytale Old Town is a magical place to be during the festivities and the countdown to Christmas begins at the end of November,...

November
28

Festive Christmas market stalls and open-air ice skating are some of the activities that mark the annual Winter Wonders, which animates the heart...

Canal in Bruges, Belgium
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Canal in Bruges, Belgium

© 123rf.com / Stanley Rippel

Belgium Travel Guide

Key Facts
Area

30,528 sq km.

Population

10.4 million (2013).

Population density

342.1 per sq km.

Capital

Brussels.

Government

Constitutional monarchy. The Kingdom of Belgium was established in 1830. In 1993, Belgium became a federal state comprising three autonomous regions.

Head of state

King Philippe since 2013.

Head of government

Prime Minister Charles Michel since 2014.

Electricity

220 volts AC, 50Hz. Plugs are of the round two-pin type.

One of Europe's most underrated destinations, Belgium has so much more to offer than just beer, chocolate and chips. Forget the clichés: Belgium is anything but ‘boring’. You can explore perfectly preserved medieval squares, dance ‘til dawn inside converted-church nightclubs, and sing along with your favourite bands at first-rate festivals. Compact and easy to travel around, you can spend the morning fishing for shrimp in Ostend, stop off in Bruges for lunch and end the day dining on moules-frites on Brussels’ UNESCO-listed Grand-Place.

Divided into three regions − Flanders (the predominantly Dutch-speaking north), Wallonia (the predominantly French-speaking south) and the capital region of Brussels − the country offers a variety of flavours, terrains and activities to tempt every traveller’s palette.

Its northern cities are cultural hotbeds filled with museums, medieval architecture and a mish-mash of hip and time-worn bars. The flat Flemish polders are studded with white-washed hamlets and paved with miles and miles of cycling paths, while the windy sands and lightly waved North Sea coastline offers opportunities to try land boarding or kitesurfing. Its seaside restaurants serve locally sourced grey shrimp, and plump mussels and oysters.

Southern Wallonia follows a slower pace. Steeped in folklore and studded with castles and quiet woods, its main towns possess faded French elegance and are ideal jumping-off points for exploring the rolling hills of the Ardennes. Its rivers and rocks provide opportunities for kayaking, caving and hiking. Its homely restaurants dish up rich regional game such as rabbit, venison and wild boar.

Brussels is a blend of Art Nouveau mansions and gleaming skyscrapers, well-stocked art galleries and flea markets, humble fritkot chip shops versus Michelin-starred restaurants. Made up of 19 communes − from the chic Ixelles district to up-and-coming Anderlecht − it’s a city with many faces and each quarter offers a slightly different take on ‘Europe’s capital’.

Underlying it all is a strong thread of history. Seated in the centre of Europe, the area has been invaded and occupied by successive powers over the centuries and has played a pivotal role in the battles which shaped the Europe we know today and shaped the Belgium travellers see today; from the carved guildhouses of Bruges, Ghent and Ypres built from the riches of the medieval cloth trade and the muddy fields that witnessed the Battle of Waterloo, to the cemeteries and preserved trenches left to honour the fallen soldiers who fought in WWI and WWII.

History is living here, but there’s plenty on offer for families too. Children can discover the cartoon-legend Tintin at the Musée Hergé, splash around pirate-themed water parks, gawp at towering sand sculptures and explore the space-age Atomium.

Combine the above with a range of plush B&Bs, quirky hotels and vibrant nationwide youth hostels and exploring Europe’s best-kept secret becomes a no-brainer.

Travel Advice

Last updated: 29 October 2014

The travel advice summary below is provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. 'We' refers to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. For their full travel advice, visit www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice.

Up to 1.8 million British nationals visit Belgium every year. Most visits are trouble-free. Take out comprehensive travel and medical insurance before you travel.

If you need to contact the emergency services in Belgium call 112.

If you’re travelling to commemorate the First World War centenary, see this information and advice page to help plan your trip and make sure it’s safe and trouble free. Some sites will become extremely busy at certain times of the year, and some may have access restrictions.

When visiting former WW1 battlefields in north west Belgium, stay on the footpath and exercise caution if you see anything that looks like shells or munitions. Unexploded shells have recently been uncovered. Move away from the site and call the police emergency number 112 to report any incidents.

European summits and demonstrations often take place around the Schuman area. They can cause some disruption and access to the British Embassy and the British Consulate General can be affected. Check local news and transport sites: train & metro info and also road info.

Theft and pick pocketing is a problem in crowded areas. Take care of your belongings and passports at all train stations in Brussels. See Crime

There is a general threat from terrorism.

The Overseas Business Risk service offers information and advice for British companies operating overseas on how to manage political, economic, and business security-related risks.

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