HM Queen Elizabeth II, represented locally by Governor Lieutenant-General Sir James Benjamin Dutton since 2013.
Head of government:
Chief Minister Fabian Picardo since 2011.
240 volts AC, 50Hz. UK-style three-pin plugs are in use.
Gibraltar is full of surprises: from its lively population of Barbary macaques (monkeys) to its sub-tropical climate, this little British enclave on the Mediterranean is awash with wonders.
The Rock, as Gibraltar is known, is a monolithic peninsula riddled with curious caves and tunnels. Atop its limestone base thrives unique vegetation and many species of migrating birds, which combined with glorious views and stimulating walks make Gibraltar a popular destination for nature enthusiasts.
The town itself is densely concentrated on the western side of the rock; those with an interest in history should visit the Gibraltar Museum for an insight into Gibraltar's heritage of Moorish, Spanish and British rulers, while foodies will enjoy sampling fresh seafood and colourful Spanish dishes.
Last updated: 20 December 2014
The travel advice summary below is provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. 'We' refers to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. For their full travel advice, visit www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory. There is no formal British consular representation in Gibraltar and the local authorities deal with all requests for consular assistance.
There is an underlying threat from terrorism.
Vehicles may experience lengthy delays when entering Spain from Gibraltar and vice versa. See Road travel.
Most visits to Gibraltar are trouble-free. Violence and street crime are rare.