Republic. Gained independence from France in 1960.
Head of state:
President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita since 2013.
Head of government:
Prime Minister Moussa Mara since 2014.
220 volts AC, 50Hz. Larger towns in Mali have their own locally generated supply. European-style plugs with two round pins are used.
With its giant mud-built mosques, villages carved into cliff-sides and massive camel caravans traversing the desert, Mali makes for a stunningly surreal destination.
Rapidly developing, particularly in the main cities, tourists can find high standards of accommodation and cuisine on offer. Intriguing and colourful markets, vast desertscapes and ancient tombs and relics are all waiting to be discovered. All of this makes it hard to believe Mali is one of the world's poorest countries.
Once an overseas territory of France, Mali gained independence in 1960, and today it is one of the most politically and socially stable countries in Africa.
Last updated: 16 September 2014
The travel advice summary below is provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. 'We' refers to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. For their full travel advice, visit www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) advise against all travel to:
the provinces of Tombouctou, Kidal, Gao and Mopti
parts of the provinces of Kayes, Koulikoro and Segou, as shown on the map
The FCO advise against all but essential travel to the rest of Mali.
Fighting in Kidal between rebel groups and government forces broke out on 17 May, resulting in casualties on both sides. There have also been related violent protests in the capital, Bamako, and there is a strong possibility of further unrest. Avoid large crowds and demonstrations.
The situation in Mali is still volatile. You should maintain a high level of vigilance, keep a low profile and stay alert to local political developments.. You should maintain several days’ stock of food and water in case disturbances take place. You can monitor daily developments in English through the BBC World Service (88.9 FM in Bamako).
An outbreak of Ebola virus disease has been confirmed in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia. If you travel to this region you should follow the health advice issued by the National Travel Health Network and Centre. Suspected cases in Mali have been tested and found not to be Ebola.
There is a high threat from terrorism including kidnap in Mali. Following the French/African military intervention which began in January 2013, there is a high threat of retaliatory kidnap against Western interests. There is a heightened threat of kidnap in Mali, especially in areas north of Mopti. Further attacks are highly likely in northern Mali.
The ability of the British Embassy to deliver consular services is limited, especially outside of Bamako. The British Embassy telephone number is +223 2021 3412.