Republic. Gained independence from Portugal in 1975.
Head of state:
President Armando Guebuza since 2005.
Head of government:
Prime Minister Alberto Clementino Vaquina since 2012.
220/240 volts AC, 50Hz. South African-style three-pin (round) plugs are used in the capital and most tourist areas.
Mozambique has had a rough ride over the past few decades: colonial rule was followed by many years of civil war, devastating famine and natural disasters. However, since peace was agreed in 1992, the country has been piecing itself together once again and opening its doors to tourism.
It certainly has much to offer the visitor. There are vast expanses of palm-fringed beach and lagoons with safe bathing, warm waters and good fishing. The country is rich in wildlife with several excellent parks and reserves to glimpse rare birds, big game and abundant marine life. It also claims islands that are dotted with historical monuments. There is also good hiking with little-visited mountains but advice and extreme caution should be taken due to the large amount of leftover landmines in the country.
Last updated: 28 July 2014
The travel advice summary below is provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. 'We' refers to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. For their full travel advice, visit www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) advise against all but essential travel to Sofala Province, with the exception of the provincial capital, Beira.
There have been armed clashes between government of Mozambique security forces and the armed Renamo opposition party since 2013. Most of these clashes, including one on 30 June 2014, have been in Sofala Province on the main north-south N1 road. There have also been isolated incidents in Manica, Nampula, Inhambane, and more recently in Zambezia and Tete. The situation remains tense in Sofala Province. Check local media for more information.
There is a low threat from terrorism.
Piracy is a significant threat in the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, especially for shipping which does not take appropriate precautions or follow agreed shipping industry best practice guidelines.
All Mozambican airlines are banned from flying into the EU.
Most visits to Mozambique are trouble-free, but violent crime does occur, and there has been a recent significant increase in cases of criminal kidnappings. You should take extra care.
Coastal areas have a risk of tropical cyclones during the rainy season (November to April). Monitor local and international weather updates from the World Meteorological Organisation.
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