Republic since 1990. Gained independence from Portugal in 1975.
Head of state:
President Armando Guebuza since 2005.
Head of government:
Prime Minister Alberto Clementino Vaquina since 2012.
220/240 volts AC, 50Hz.
Mozambique has had a rough ride over the past few decades: colonial rule was followed by many years of civil war, devastating famine and natural disasters. However, since peace was agreed in 1992, the country has been piecing itself together once again and opening its doors to tourism.
It certainly has much to offer the visitor. There are vast expanses of palm-fringed beach and lagoons with safe bathing, warm waters and good fishing. The country is rich in wildlife with several excellent parks and reserves to glimpse rare birds, big game and abundant marine life. It also claims islands that are dotted with historical monuments. There is also good hiking with little-visited mountains but advice and extreme caution should be taken due to the large amount of leftover landmines in the country.
Most visits to Mozambique are trouble-free but you should be aware of the risks of violent crime, poor road safety standards and minimal health facilities.
Piracy is a significant threat in the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
Since 5 February 2008, there have been demonstrations against rises in transport and food prices in several parts of Mozambique. Some demonstrations have been violent and led to fatalities or injuries. Demonstrations may reoccur. Travellers should avoid all crowds and gatherings and follow advice from local authorities.
Travellers should also be aware of the occurrence of street robberies and violent attacks on beaches in Mozambique at any time of day. Though infrequent, there have been several serious attacks, including rape, against British nationals and other westerners walking on beaches at Maputo, Beira, Vilanculos, Inhambane and other tourist centres. Beaches may look isolated and safe, especially on offshore islands, but they are not policed.
It is a legal requirement to carry identity documents at all times and present them when requested by the authorities. Police patrols and checkpoints are common. Travellers should not hand over their passports to anyone other than officials or police for inspection.
Mozambique shares with other countries in Africa a threat from terrorism to visibly Western interests. Travellers should also be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.
The tropical cyclone season in Mozambique normally runs from November to April. Coastal areas of central and northern Mozambique can be at risk.
This advice is based on information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. It is correct at time of publishing. As the situation can change rapidly, visitors are advised to contact the following organisations for the latest travel advice: