Republic. Gained independence from Portugal in 1975.
Head of state:
President Armando Guebuza since 2005.
Head of government:
Prime Minister Alberto Clementino Vaquina since 2012.
220/240 volts AC, 50Hz. South African-style three-pin (round) plugs are used in the capital and most tourist areas.
Mozambique has had a rough ride over the past few decades: colonial rule was followed by many years of civil war, devastating famine and natural disasters. However, since peace was agreed in 1992, the country has been piecing itself together once again and opening its doors to tourism.
It certainly has much to offer the visitor. There are vast expanses of palm-fringed beach and lagoons with safe bathing, warm waters and good fishing. The country is rich in wildlife with several excellent parks and reserves to glimpse rare birds, big game and abundant marine life. It also claims islands that are dotted with historical monuments. There is also good hiking with little-visited mountains but advice and extreme caution should be taken due to the large amount of leftover landmines in the country.
Last updated: 04 March 2014
The travel advice summary below is provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. 'We' refers to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. For their full travel advice, visit www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice.
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) advise against all but essential travel to Sofala Province, with the exception of the provincial capital, Beira.
The Government of Mozambique confirmed that a military operation, targeting the Renamo opposition party’s Santunjira base camp in Sofala Province, took place on 21 October 2013.
Since then there have been reports of a number of armed attacks in the region, including against vehicles travelling on the EN1 road, resulting in some fatalities. The situation in Sofala Province remains tense.
In December 2013 there were reports of violent clashes between government forces and Renamo in Manica and Nampula provinces, and an armed attack on a civilian vehicle travelling along the E8 road between Nampula and Malema.
On 7 January 2014 there was a reported clash between Renamo and government forces in Homoine district in Inhambane Province. The situation remains tense. Check local media and take great care if you’re planning travel to the region.
There is a low threat from terrorism.
Piracy is a significant threat in the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean, especially for shipping which does not take appropriate precautions or follow agreed shipping industry best practice guidelines.
All Mozambican airlines are banned from flying into the EU.
Most visits to Mozambique are trouble-free, but violent crime does occur, and there has been a recent significant increase in cases of criminal kidnappings. You should take extra care.
Coastal areas have a risk of tropical cyclones during the rainy season (November to April). Monitor local and international weather updates from the World Meteorological Organisation.
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