Sudan Health Care and Vaccinations
* The government of Sudan also requires proof of yellow fever vaccination upon arrival, if you are traveling from a country with risk of yellow fever.
Medical treatment may be free at certain establishments but health insurance is essential and should include cover for emergency repatriation. Medical facilities are very limited, particularly outside Khartoum.
Food and Drink
All water should be regarded as a potential health risk. Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have first been boiled or otherwise sterilised. Milk is unpasteurised and should be boiled. Avoid dairy products which are likely to have been made from unboiled milk. Only eat well-cooked meat and fish, preferably served hot. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit peeled.
Cholera outbreaks can occur; check the National Travel Health Network and Centre (http://nathnac.net) for updates. Avoid swimming and paddling in fresh water; swimming pools which are well chlorinated and maintained are safe. Vaccinations against tuberculosis and hepatitis B are sometimes recommended.
An HIV negative test is mandatory for proof of entry and for travellers looking to stay longer than 90 days.