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Bermuda travel guide

About Bermuda

Bermuda is probably best known for two things: lurid, knee-length shorts and the fabled Bermuda Triangle, a stretch of sea where boats and planes are said to have mysteriously disappeared. However, these lazy stereotypes serve only to distract from what is an exceptionally beautiful destination.

Comprised of around 180 islets, Bermuda looks like your archetypal Caribbean retreat with its fine sandy beaches, colourful coral reefs and swaying palms. But it’s nothing of the sort. In fact this lonely archipelago floats 1,030km (640 miles) off the coast of South Carolina, adrift in the Atlantic Ocean, far from anywhere in particular.

A British Overseas Territory, Bermuda has embraced many traditions from the motherland: from sophisticated gents playing cricket to refined ladies supping afternoon tea. There are even red phone boxes.

Discovered by the Spanish in 1505, Bermuda fell into British hands a century later and has remained part of the much-diminished empire ever since. The legendary writer, Mark Twain, popularised the islands in the late 19th century. “You go to heaven if you want – I’d rather stay here instead,” he cooed. John Lennon was another fan of the archipelago, which was the muse behind his song, Borrowed Time.

For some time Bermuda has been considered a destination for the, shall we say, more mature traveller. And while its scenic golf courses, colonial hotels and genteel vibe do suit elderly travellers, the archipelago has started to attract a younger crowd in recent years. They come for the excellent scuba diving, the cycling and other adventure activities, or just to explore the beauty of the archipelago from the back of a motorbike.

And beautiful it is. Bermuda’s coastline is blessed with pink sandy beaches and crystalline waters, while inland visitors will find an abundance of subtropical plants and flowers, interspersed with quaint pastel cottages. There are certainly worse places to disappear.

Key facts

Area:

53 sq km (20 sq miles).

Population:

65,331 (UN estimate 2016).

Population density:

1,324.5 per sq km.

Capital:

Hamilton.

Government:

Parliamentary, self-governing British Overseas Territory.

Head of state:

HM King Charles III since 2022, represented locally by Governor Rena Lalgie since 2020.

Head of government:

Premier Edward David Burt since July 2017.

Travel Advice

Coronavirus travel health

Check the latest information on risk from COVID-19 for Bermuda on the TravelHealthPro website.

See the TravelHealthPro website for further advice on travel abroad and reducing spread of respiratory viruses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

International Travel

LF Wade International Airport is open for commercial flights. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Bermuda Government has put in place visitor protocols, which include the requirement for both visitors and residents to apply for a travel authorisation. Visit the Government of Bermuda website for more information.

Entry and borders

See Entry requirements to find out what you will need to do when you arrive in Bermuda.

Be prepared for your plans to change

No travel is risk-free during COVID-19. Countries may further restrict travel or bring in new rules at short notice, for example due to a new COVID-19 variant. Check with your travel company or airline for any transport changes which may delay your journey home.

If you test positive for COVID-19, you may need to stay where you are until you test negative. You may also need to seek treatment there.

Plan ahead and make sure you:

  • can access money
  • understand what your insurance will cover
  • can make arrangements to extend your stay and be away for longer than planned

Accommodation

Resorts, hotels and cottages reopened at the beginning of July 2020. We recommend you check before you travel.

Public spaces and services

Face masks are required to be worn indoors when travelling by bus, ferry (excluding the outdoor decks), taxi, limousine or minibus. Face masks are also required to be worn indoors when working in or visiting health service providers, prisons and at the airport.

Businesses may prefer to continue to require face masks be worn by people entering their premises or accessing their services. If so, all customers must comply with the mask policy of the business.

For further information on coronavirus regulations, you should consult the Bermuda Government website.

Healthcare in Bermuda

Medication and medical treatment in Bermuda are very expensive. You should make sure you have travel insurance before travelling. Most types of medication are readily available in Bermuda including UK brands, but you should bring extra medication with you to Bermuda to prepare for unplanned and extended stays.

If you become seriously ill, you should visit A&E in King Edwards VII Memorial Hospital.

Practise physical distancing, good hygiene and mask wearing in all public spaces where there is close contact with others.

Monitor your health and take your temperature twice a day. If your temperature is over 100.4F or 38C, contact the public health team on covid19surv@gov.bm.

If you test positive for COVID-19 while in Bermuda, you should follow the guidance on the Bermuda Government website.

Your emotional and mental wellbeing is important. Read guidance on how to look after your mental wellbeing and mental health.

Finance

For information on financial support you can access whilst abroad, visit our financial assistance guidance.

Further information

If you need urgent assistance, see Emergency Assistance and Entry Requirements

Crime

Bermuda has a moderate crime rate driven in part by the drugs scene. Serious incidents, including use of weapons, do occur. Take precautions to safeguard yourself and your possessions. Common crimes include burglary, mugging, theft of unattended baggage and belongings, and theft of items from rental scooters.

The Bermuda Police Service website provides Tourist Safety Tips. Take particular care after dark.

Stick to well-lit parts of the island and avoid quieter, darker streets. There have been incidents of sexual assault. If you need help, contact the Bermuda Police Service in the first instance. 

Road Travel

Tourists are not allowed to drive cars in Bermuda.

Buses, ferries and taxis are generally safe, frequent and efficient. You can’t hire a car in Bermuda, but 50cc scooters are readily available for public hire. A small number of 2-person minicars are offered as an alternative to motorcycles in some locations. Driving is on the left, as in the UK. Roads are narrow, winding and undulating, and traffic may be heavy. Road accidents involving scooters are relatively common, and have resulted in serious injury or even death. You should take care. The national speed limit is 35kmh (22mph) but is lower in some urban areas.

Outside the major urban areas there are few footpaths or street lighting. Take care when out walking, especially at night.

Emergency Assistance

As Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory there is no British diplomatic or consular representation. The local authorities deal with all requests for emergency assistance.

In an emergency, dial 911 for a local emergency response.

  • Emergency Broadcast Station - FM 100.1 MHz

  • Emergency Measures Organisation - 295-0011

  • Ambulance, Fire, Police - 911

  • Marine Rescue - 911

  • BELCO - 955

  • BTC - 295-1001

  • Public Works - 295-5151

  • Maritime Operations Centre - 297-1010

Find out more about emergency services for British nationals in Bermuda.

Although there’s no recent history of terrorism in Bermuda, attacks can’t be ruled out.

UK Counter Terrorism Policing has information and advice on staying safe abroad and what to do in the event of a terrorist attack. Find out more about the global threat from terrorism.

There’s a heightened threat of terrorist attack globally against UK interests and British nationals, from groups or individuals motivated by the conflict in Iraq and Syria. You should be vigilant at this time.

Bermuda is a separate legal jurisdiction to the United Kingdom and has its own laws.

Don’t become involved with drugs of any kind. Possession or importation can attract severe penalties.

The possession or importation of weapons (including air pistols and catapults) or ammunition (including empty magazines) is illegal. Those caught will be subject to severe penalties.

Bermuda, while welcoming, is a conservative place. There are no nude or topless beaches and it is an offence to appear in public topless or wearing a bathing suit top. Drinking alcohol in public outside of licensed premises is not allowed.

Homosexuality became legal under Bermuda law in 1994. The Domestic Partnerships Act came into effect on 01 June 2018 which provided domestic partnerships for both same sex and opposite sex couples and removed the entitlement for same sex couples to marry. In line with the Domestic Partnership Amendment Act 2022, same sex marriages that took place in Bermuda before 14 March 2022 remain valid.

Attitudes to homosexuality are tolerant but conservative and some people may not approve of public displays of affection between same-sex couples. See our information and advice page for the LGBT community before you travel.

This page has information on travelling to Bermuda.

This page reflects the UK government’s understanding of current rules for people travelling on a full ‘British Citizen’ passport from the UK, for the most common types of travel.

The authorities in Bermuda set and enforce entry rules. If you’re unsure how Bermuda’s entry requirements apply to you, contact its UK embassy, high commission or consulate.

All travellers

All travellers to Bermuda aged two years old and up need approved Travel Authorisation to enter the country. From 22 August 2022, unvaccinated and not fully vaccinated visitors travelling to Bermuda by air will be required to submit in their Travel Authorisation Form a valid pre-arrival test taken no more than two days before arrival and proof of overseas health insurance. Travel Authorisation can be purchased for $40 up to a month before travel. To avoid being denied boarding, apply for your Travel Authorisation at least 24hrs before your day of departure.. You can find more information on the COVID-19 Travel Authorisation on the Government of Bermuda’s website.

Children 11 years and under travelling by air continue to have their Travel Authorisation Form assessed based on the vaccination status of their travelling guardian. Specific vaccine and testing requirements for travellers depends on mode of entry to Bermuda. You can find more information on travel requirements specific to you on the Government of Bermuda’s website.

You must wear face masks when travelling to the departure airport and practice social distancing at the departure airport.

Upon arrival, you must show a copy of your Travel Authorisation and present a copy of the pre-departure COVID-19 negative test result if taken to health officers on request.

There are different entry requirements for returning residents and work permit holders. More information on travel requirements for residents and work permit holders can be found on the Government of Bermuda’s website.

If you’re fully vaccinated

To be considered fully vaccinated, at least 14 days must have passed since your second dose of the vaccine.

All vaccinated visitors to Bermuda aged 2 years and over are required to show proof of vaccination and have an approved Travel Authorisation to enter Bermuda. A pre-travel COVID-19 test is also required. This can either be a COVID-19 NAAT (PCR, LAMP or TMA) test up to 4 days before embarkation, or a supervised antigen test up to 2 days before embarkation.

No on island testing, or quarantine is required after arrival.

Find out if you qualify as fully vaccinated in Bermuda on the Government of Bermuda’s website.

Proof of vaccination status

You must present proof that you have been fully vaccinated to enter Bermuda.

You cannot use the UK COVID Pass to demonstrate your vaccination record when entering Bermuda. You will need the Bermuda COVD-19 Travel Authorisation to prove your vaccination status. You can find more information on the COVID-19 Travel Authorisation on the Government of Bermuda’s website.

If you’re not fully vaccinated

From 22 August 2022, unvaccinated and not fully vaccinated visitors travelling by air will no longer be required to provide proof of medical exemption from COVID-19 vaccination.

All unvaccinated or not fully vaccinated visitors to Bermuda aged 2 years and over are required to have an approved Travel Authorisation to enter Bermuda. A pre-travel COVID-19 test is also required. This can either be a COVID-19 NAAT (PCR, LAMP or TMA) test up to 4 days before embarkation, or a supervised antigen test up to 2 days before embarkation. Proof of travel health insurance is also required.

There is no quarantine on arrival, however unvaccinated and not fully vaccinated visitors will be required to take a pre-scheduled COVID-19 test 4 days after arrival.

Children and young people

Children 11 years and under travelling by air will have their Travel Authorisation Form assessed based on the vaccination status of their travelling guardian. A pre-travel COVID-19 test is also required. You can find more information on the COVID-19 Travel Authorisation on the Government of Bermuda’s website.

Children aged 2 - 11 years old do not need to be fully vaccinated but must still apply for the Bermuda COVID-19 Travel Authorisation. All Children aged 2 – 11 years old must do a COVID-19 NAAT (PCR, LAMP or TMA) test up to 4 days before embarkation, or a supervised antigen test up to 2 days before embarkation.

Children under 2 years do not need Travel Authorisation and are not required to test before or after arrival in Bermuda.

You can find more information on the requirements for children on the Government of Bermuda’s website.

Check your passport and travel documents before you travel

Check with your travel provider to make sure your passport and other travel documents meet their requirements.

Passport Validity

You must hold a valid passport to enter Bermuda. Your passport should be valid for the proposed duration of your stay from the date you arrive. No additional period of validity beyond this is required.

Visas

British passport holders don’t need a visa to enter Bermuda as a visitor, but you must book accommodation before you arrive. Visitors are usually granted entry for up to 90 days. For further enquiries about visas, visit the website of the nearest British Embassy or High Commission, or the Government of Bermuda website.

If you wish to extend your stay while in Bermuda, you must get permission from the Bermuda Department of Immigration before your initial 21 day stay ends. While an extension of stay is not automatic, extensions are normally granted.  

Work permits

If you wish to work in Bermuda, you must secure a job before coming to the island. Your employer will then apply to the Department of Immigration for a work permit, and once this is received you may enter the country to work. You may not seek employment while visiting Bermuda.

For more information, contact Department of Immigration, Government Administration Building, Parliament Street, Hamilton. (Telephone: +1 441 295 5151) www.gov.bm.

Medication

Make sure you carry any medication in the prescribed packaging and bring the prescription. For further information see the website of HM Customs of Bermuda.

UK Emergency Travel Documents

UK Emergency Travel Documents are accepted for entry, airside transit and exit from Bermuda.

If you have a health condition, or you are pregnant, you may need specialist healthcare abroad. Check whether your destination country can provide the healthcare you may need and ensure you have appropriate travel insurance for unexpected medical evacuation or local treatment.

See the Coronavirus travel health and Healthcare sections in the Coronavirus page for COVID-19 health information.

At least 8 weeks before your trip, check the latest country-specific health advice from the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) on the TravelHealthPro website. Each country-specific page has information on vaccine recommendations, any current health risks or outbreaks, and factsheets with information on staying healthy abroad. Guidance is also available from NHS (Scotland) on the FitForTravel website.

General information on travel vaccinations and a travel health checklist is available on the NHS website. You may then wish to contact your health adviser or pharmacy for advice on other preventive measures and managing any pre-existing medical conditions while you’re abroad.

The legal status and regulation of some medicines prescribed or purchased in the UK can be different in other countries. If you’re travelling with prescription or over-the-counter medicine, read this guidance from NaTHNaC on best practice when travelling with medicines.

While travel can be enjoyable, it can sometimes be challenging. There are clear links between mental and physical health, so looking after yourself during travel and when abroad is important. Information on travelling with mental health conditions is available in our guidance page. Further information is also available from the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC).

Healthcare

Bermuda has good modern medical facilities with a fully equipped general hospital and numerous doctors and dentists. King Edward Memorial Hospital has a good accident and emergency department.

Make sure you have adequate travel health insurance and accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad and repatriation by air ambulance, as cases that can’t be dealt with in Bermuda are usually referred to either Baltimore or Boston in the USA. Make sure your insurance covers any additional medical expenses incurred in the USA.

If you need emergency medical assistance during your trip, dial 911 and ask for an ambulance. You should contact your insurance/medical assistance company promptly if you are referred to a medical facility for treatment.

The hurricane season in Bermuda normally runs from June to November. You should monitor the progress of storms on the Bermuda Weather Service and National Hurricane Centre websites, and follow the advice of the local authorities.

See our tropical cyclones page for information and advice about what to do if you’re caught up in a storm.

If you’re abroad and you need emergency help from the UK government, contact the nearest British embassy, consulate or high commission. If you need urgent help because something has happened to a friend or relative abroad, contact the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) in London on 020 7008 5000 (24 hours).

Foreign travel checklist

Read our foreign travel checklist to help you plan for your trip abroad and stay safe while you’re there.

Travel safety

The FCDO travel advice helps you make your own decisions about foreign travel. Your safety is our main concern, but we can’t provide tailored advice for individual trips. If you’re concerned about whether or not it’s safe for you to travel, you should read the travel advice for the country or territory you’re travelling to, together with information from other sources you’ve identified, before making your own decision on whether to travel. Only you can decide whether it’s safe for you to travel.

When we judge the level of risk to British nationals in a particular place has become unacceptably high, we’ll state on the travel advice page for that country or territory that we advise against all or all but essential travel. Read more about how the FCDO assesses and categorises risk in foreign travel advice.

Our crisis overseas page suggests additional things you can do before and during foreign travel to help you stay safe.

Refunds and cancellations

If you wish to cancel or change a holiday that you’ve booked, you should contact your travel company. The question of refunds and cancellations is a matter for you and your travel company. Travel companies make their own decisions about whether or not to offer customers a refund. Many of them use our travel advice to help them reach these decisions, but we do not instruct travel companies on when they can or can’t offer a refund to their customers.

For more information about your rights if you wish to cancel a holiday, visit the Citizen’s Advice Bureau website. For help resolving problems with a flight booking, visit the website of the Civil Aviation Authority. For questions about travel insurance, contact your insurance provider and if you’re not happy with their response, you can complain to the Financial Ombudsman Service.

Registering your travel details with us

We’re no longer asking people to register with us before travel. Our foreign travel checklist and crisis overseas page suggest things you can do before and during foreign travel to plan your trip and stay safe.

Previous versions of FCDO travel advice

If you’re looking for a previous version of the FCDO travel advice, visit the National Archives website. Versions prior to 2 September 2020 will be archived as FCO travel advice. If you can’t find the page you’re looking for there, send the Travel Advice Team a request.

Further help

If you’re a British national and you have a question about travelling abroad that isn’t covered in our foreign travel advice or elsewhere on GOV.UK, you can submit an enquiry, or contact us on Twitter or Facebook. We’re not able to provide tailored advice for specific trips.

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