Liechtenstein travel guide
A pocket-sized principality in the heart of Europe, Liechtenstein rarely tops anybody's bucket list of continental must-sees. Yet this tiny, landlocked nation offers more than you'd imagine: from long-standing history to sky-high mountains; cliff-hanging castles to odd cultural quirks.
Many of Liechtenstein's historical highlights are located in the capital, Vaduz. While this tiny town may only have around 5,000 inhabitants, it also boasts an array of fascinating museums and galleries – including the Liechtenstein National Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts and the FIS Ski and Winter Sports Museum – as well as the atmospheric Prince's Wine Cellars and the neo-Gothic Vaduz Cathedral. All these attractions are watched over by the pretty Vaduz Castle, which remains the official residence of the Prince of Liechtenstein.
Vaduz isn't Liechtenstein's only town of historical note. The second town, Schaan, is actually larger than Vaduz, and comes with its very own impressive church and Roman remains, while Balzers in the south west boasts what is perhaps Liechtenstein's most arresting fortification. There are also beautiful chapels to be found in lesser-visited villages like Triesen and Planken.
And yet the true star of Liechtenstein is the remarkable nature. This country has arguably the most impressive landscape in Europe. Most of the peaks in Liechtenstein soar more than 2,000m (6,562ft) into the sky, making Liechtenstein a premier destination for skiing, hiking and mountain biking. Its shimmering lakes are also a big draw for swimmers.
As well as its permanent attractions, Liechtenstein also excels when it comes to unusual events. Some of the fun annual highlights include the Monster Concert (where troupes of musicians and dancers dress in outlandish costumes and bang drums), the Cattle Drive (where cows and sheep are festooned in colourful garments and adorned with bells) and the LGT Alpine Marathon (where competitors from around the globe run for 26 miles through the mountains).
Factor in Liechtenstein's dynamic dining, drinking and live music offerings, and you have a pocket sized nation that punches well above its weight.
160 sq km (62 sq miles).
37,776 (UN estimate 2016).
235.2 per sq km.
Imperial principality with a hereditary constitutional monarchy.
Prince Hans Adam II since 1989.
Prime Minister Daniel Risch since 2021.
The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) provides advice about risks of travel to help British nationals make informed decisions. Find out more about FCDO travel advice.
Before you travel
No travel can be guaranteed safe. Read all the advice in this guide as well as support for British nationals abroad which includes:
- advice on preparing for travel abroad and reducing risks
- information for women, LGBT+ and disabled travellers
If you choose to travel, research your destinations and get appropriate travel insurance. Insurance should cover your itinerary, planned activities and expenses in an emergency.
This advice reflects the UK government’s understanding of current rules for people travelling on a full ‘British citizen’ passport from the UK, for the most common types of travel.
Switzerland handles immigration and customs matters for Liechtenstein. If you’re not sure how the Swiss entry requirements apply to you, contact the Swiss embassy in the UK.
There are no COVID-19 testing or vaccination requirements for travellers entering Liechtenstein.
Passport validity requirements
To travel to Liechtenstein, you must follow the Schengen area passport requirements.
To enter Liechtenstein (and all Schengen countries) your passport must:
- have a ‘date of issue’ less than 10 years before the date you arrive. Passports issued after 1 October 2018 are now valid for only 10 years, but for passports issued before 1 October 2018, extra months may have been added if you renewed a passport early
- have an ‘expiry date’ at least 3 months after the day you plan to leave
Check with your travel provider that your passport and other travel documents meet requirements. Renew your passport if you need to.
You will be denied entry if you do not have a valid travel document, or try to use a passport that has been reported lost or stolen.
Checks at border control
Make sure you get your passport stamped.
If you’re a visitor, your passport must be stamped when you enter or leave the Schengen area (which includes Liechtenstein). Border guards will use passport stamps to check you have not overstayed the 90-day visa-free limit for stays in the Schengen area. If your passport was not stamped, border guards will presume you have overstayed the visa-free limit.
If your passport was not stamped, show evidence of when and where you entered or left the Schengen area (for example, boarding passes or tickets) and ask the border guards to add the date and location in your passport.
Read our about passport stamping if you live in Liechtenstein.
You can travel without a visa to the Schengen area (including Liechtenstein) for up to 90 days in any 180-day period. This applies if you travel:
- as a tourist
- to visit family or friends
- to attend business meetings, cultural or sports events
- for short-term studies or training
If you’re travelling to Liechtenstein and other Schengen countries without a visa, make sure your whole visit is within the 90-day limit. Visits to Schengen countries in the 180 days before you travel count towards your 90 days.
To stay longer (to work or study, for business travel or for other reasons), you must meet the Liechtenstein government’s entry requirements. Check which type of visa or work permit you need on the Liechtenstein government website (in German).
If you stay in Liechtenstein with a residence permit or long-stay visa, this does not count towards your 90-day visa-free limit.
At least 8 weeks before your trip, check the vaccinations and certificates you need in TravelHealthPro’s Liechtenstein guide.
Switzerland handles customs matters for Liechtenstein and there is an open border between the 2 countries. Read advice on customs rules for Switzerland.
There is a high threat of terrorist attack globally affecting UK interests and British nationals, including from groups and individuals who view the UK and British nationals as targets. You should remain vigilant at all times.
UK Counter Terrorism Policing has information and advice on staying safe abroad and what to do in the event of a terrorist attack. Find out how to reduce your risk from terrorism while abroad.
Terrorism in Liechtenstein
Although there is no recent history of terrorism in Liechtenstein, attacks cannot be ruled out. You should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks which could be in public areas, including those frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers.
Crime levels are low, but there are instances of petty street crime. Take precautions to avoid bag snatching and pickpocketing and do not leave your valuables unattended.
Outdoor activities and adventure tourism
There is a risk of avalanches. You can check updates from the European Avalanche Warning Service . Follow all warnings and consider carrying search equipment.
Conditions on roads in mountainous areas can quickly become difficult in winter. Carry water, food, warm clothing and medicines in your vehicle.
Hiking and mountaineering
Check weather forecasts and conitions and make sure you’re properly equipped for the worst-case scenario. Do not undertake any activity alone and consider hiring a guide. Always leave a copy of your itinerary with someone.
Alpine hazards throughout the year include:
- avalanches and snow drifts
- landslides and flooding
- glacial crevasses and hollows
- altitude sickness
- sun exposure
- sudden weather changes
If you are taking part in extreme sports, check the company is well established and make sure the specific activities are covered by your travel insurance.
Off-piste skiing is highly dangerous. Your insurance should include mountain rescue services, helicopter costs and repatriation or transfer to neighbouring countries for treatment.
Avalanche beepers (receivers) are the most common rescue devices and when properly used provide the fastest way of locating an avalanche victim.
Read more about how to stay safe on the slopes.
You can drive in Liechtenstein with a UK driving licence. You do not need an International Driving Permit (IDP).
Driving a British car abroad
You may need a UK sticker to drive your car outside the UK. In 2021, UK stickers replaced GB stickers. Check guidance on displaying number plates.
Alpine winters make driving more difficult. Equip your car with winter tyres and snow-chains, and check road conditions before departure.
If you plan to travel to Liechtenstein using motorways in Switzerland or Austria, you must buy and display a motorway vignette (sticker) or risk a large on-the-spot fine.
The police strictly enforce road regulations. If you are stopped by police for a traffic offence you could face a heavy fine and a possible prison sentence.
Before you travel check that:
- your destination can provide the healthcare you may need
- you have appropriate travel insurance for local treatment or unexpected medical evacuation
This is particularly important if you have a health condition or are pregnant.
Emergency medical numbers
Dial 144 or 112 and ask for an ambulance.
Contact your insurance or medical assistance company promptly if you’re referred to a medical facility for treatment.
For more information read guidance on healthcare when travelling in Europe.
Vaccinations and health risks
At least 8 weeks before your trip check:
- the latest information on vaccinations and health risks in TravelHealthPro’s Liechtenstein guide
- where to get vaccines and whether you have to pay on the NHS travel vaccinations page
Altitude sickness is a risk in parts of Liechtenstein. Read more about altitude sickness on TravelHealthPro.
There is an increased risk of tick bites from April to October. For more information read insect and tick bite avoidance.
The legal status and regulation of some medicines prescribed or bought in the UK can be different in other countries.
The NHS has information on whether you can take your medicine abroad.
Healthcare facilities in Liechtenstein
FCDO has a list of English-speaking doctors in Liechtenstein.
There is also guidance on healthcare if you’re living in Liechtenstein.
Health insurance cards
The UK Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC) and most European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) are not valid in Liechtenstein. Make sure you take out travel insurance with medical cover for your trip.
Travel and mental health
The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) cannot provide tailored advice for individual trips. Read this travel advice and carry out your own research before deciding whether to travel.
Emergency services in Liechtenstein
Contact your travel provider and insurer
Contact your travel provider and your insurer if you are involved in a serious incident or emergency abroad. They will tell you if they can help and what you need to do.
Refunds and changes to travel
For refunds or changes to travel, contact your travel provider. You may also be able to make a claim through insurance. However, insurers usually require you to talk to your travel provider first.
Find out more about changing or cancelling travel plans, including:
- where to get advice if you are in a dispute with a provider
- how to access previous versions of travel advice to support a claim
Support from FCDO
FCDO has guidance on staying safe and what to do if you need help or support abroad, including:
- finding English-speaking lawyers, funeral directors and translators and interpreters in Liechtenstein and Switzerland
- dealing with a death in Liechtenstein
- being arrested in Liechtenstein
- getting help if you’re a victim of crime
- what to do if you’re in hospital
- if you’re affected by a crisis, such as a terrorist attack
Help abroad in an emergency
If you are in Liechtenstein and you need emergency help from the UK government, contact the British Embassy in Switzerland.
You can also contact FCDO online.
FCDO in London
You can call FCDO in London if you need urgent help because something has happened to a friend or relative abroad.
Telephone: 020 7008 5000 (24 hours)
Risk information for British companies
The Overseas Business Risk service offers information and advice for British companies operating overseas on how to manage political, economic, and business security-related risks