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Liechtenstein travel guide

About Liechtenstein

A pocket-sized principality in the heart of Europe, Liechtenstein rarely tops anybody's bucket list of continental must-sees. Yet this tiny, landlocked nation offers more than you'd imagine: from long-standing history to sky-high mountains; cliff-hanging castles to odd cultural quirks.

Many of Liechtenstein's historical highlights are located in the capital, Vaduz. While this tiny town may only have around 5,000 inhabitants, it also boasts an array of fascinating museums and galleries – including the Liechtenstein National Museum, the Museum of Fine Arts and the FIS Ski and Winter Sports Museum – as well as the atmospheric Prince's Wine Cellars and the neo-Gothic Vaduz Cathedral. All these attractions are watched over by the pretty Vaduz Castle, which remains the official residence of the Prince of Liechtenstein.

Vaduz isn't Liechtenstein's only town of historical note. The second town, Schaan, is actually larger than Vaduz, and comes with its very own impressive church and Roman remains, while Balzers in the south west boasts what is perhaps Liechtenstein's most arresting fortification. There are also beautiful chapels to be found in lesser-visited villages like Triesen and Planken.

And yet the true star of Liechtenstein is the remarkable nature. This country has arguably the most impressive landscape in Europe. Most of the peaks in Liechtenstein soar more than 2,000m (6,562ft) into the sky, making Liechtenstein a premier destination for skiing, hiking and mountain biking. Its shimmering lakes are also a big draw for swimmers.

As well as its permanent attractions, Liechtenstein also excels when it comes to unusual events. Some of the fun annual highlights include the Monster Concert (where troupes of musicians and dancers dress in outlandish costumes and bang drums), the Cattle Drive (where cows and sheep are festooned in colourful garments and adorned with bells) and the LGT Alpine Marathon (where competitors from around the globe run for 26 miles through the mountains).

Factor in Liechtenstein's dynamic dining, drinking and live music offerings, and you have a pocket sized nation that punches well above its weight.

Key facts

Area:

160 sq km (62 sq miles).

Population:

37,776 (UN estimate 2016).

Population density:

235.2 per sq km.

Capital:

Vaduz.

Government:

Imperial principality with a hereditary constitutional monarchy.

Head of state:

Prince Hans Adam II since 1989.

Head of government:

Prime Minister Daniel Risch since 2021.

Travel Advice

Coronavirus travel health

Check the latest information on risk from COVID-19 for Liechtenstein on the TravelHealthPro website

See the TravelHealthPro website for further advice on travel abroad and reducing spread of respiratory viruses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Entry and borders

See Entry requirements to find out what you will need to do when you arrive in Liechtenstein.

Return to the UK

When you return, you must follow the rules for entering the UK.

You are responsible for organising your own COVID-19 test, in line with UK government testing requirements. You should contact local authorities for information on testing facilities.

Be prepared for your plans to change

No travel is risk-free during COVID. Countries may further restrict travel or bring in new rules at short notice, for example due to a new COVID-19 variant. Check with your travel company or airline for any transport changes which may delay your journey home.

If you test positive for COVID-19, you may need to stay where you are until you test negative. You may also need to seek treatment there.

Plan ahead and make sure you:

  • can access money
  • understand what your insurance will cover
  • can make arrangements to extend your stay and be away for longer than planned

Public spaces and services

All contact with other individuals should be at a distance of at least 1.5 metres. Wearing a facemask is compulsory when travelling on public transport or entering indoor spaces accessible to the public. Failure to do so is punishable by a fine. Children under the age of 12 are exempt from this requirement, as are individuals who are unable to wear a mask for medical reasons.

Liechtenstein has relaxed some coronavirus restrictions. Private gatherings of up to 10 people are allowed indoors. Public outdoor events of up to 25 people are permitted. All shops, markets and religious institutions are open and medical practitioners (including dentists) have resumed non-urgent treatment. Cultural, entertainment, recreational and indoor sports establishments are open. Outdoor sports remain permitted, subject to compliance with social distancing measures; this includes the Malbun ski resort. Restaurants, bars and nightclubs remain closed until further notice.

You can find more information on the emergency measures in place on the Government website (in German).

Healthcare in Liechtenstein

If you believe you have symptoms, you should not go directly to the hospital or a healthcare facility. Instead you should call the coronavirus emergency number on +423 235 45 32 (24 hours).

For contact details for English speaking doctors visit our list of healthcare providers.

Your emotional and mental wellbeing is important. Read guidance on how to look after your mental wellbeing and mental health

View Health for further details on healthcare in Liechtenstein.

See also the guidance on healthcare if you’re waiting to return to the UK.

COVID-19 vaccines if you live in Liechtenstein

Wherever possible British nationals should aim to be vaccinated in the country where they live. As further information is available about the national vaccination programme, this page will be updated. Sign up to get email notifications.

The Liechtenstein authorities have issued their vaccination strategy on how vaccinations are organised. You can find information on how to register for vaccination on the website of the Liechtenstein health authorities (German language only).

The Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) is the UK authority responsible for assessing the safety, quality and efficacy of vaccines. It has authorised the Pfizer/BioNTech, Oxford/AstraZeneca and Moderna vaccines for temporary supply and use in the UK. Find out more about MHRA approval for these vaccines.

British nationals living overseas should seek medical advice from their local healthcare provider in the country where they reside. Information about vaccines used in other national programmes, including regulatory status, should be available from the local authorities. This list of Stringent Regulatory Authorities recognised by the World Health Organisation may also be a useful source of additional information. Find out more about COVID-19 vaccines on the World Health Organisation COVID-19 vaccines page.

If you receive your COVID-19 vaccination in Liechtenstein, you can get an EU Digital COVID Certificate from the national authorities. The Certificate proves that you have been vaccinated against COVID-19, received a negative test result, or recovered from COVID-19. It will help facilitate your travel within the EU and, in some countries, you can use it to demonstrate your COVID-19 status to businesses and other organisations. For further information visit the European Commission’s EU Digital COVID Certificate page.

Finance

For information on financial support you can access whilst abroad, visit our financial assistance guidance.

Help and support

If you need urgent consular assistance, contact your nearest British embassy, high commission or consulate. All telephone numbers are available 24/7.

Crime

The emergency number for the police is 117. Crime levels are low, but petty crime can occur. You should take sensible precautions to avoid mugging, bag snatching and pick-pocketing. Do not leave your valuables unattended. Do not become involved with drugs of any kind.

Road travel

Drivers must be 18 years of age and hold a full valid UK, or other EU/EEA, driving licence, insurance and vehicle documents.

If you’re living in Liechtenstein, check the Living in Liechtenstein Guide for information on requirements for residents.

Driving regulations

If you plan to travel to Liechtenstein via the motorways in Switzerland or Austria, you must purchase and display a motorway vignette or face large on-the-spot fines in these countries.

Traffic regulations are strenuously enforced. Any serious breach of the regulations can result in heavy fines and/or imprisonment.

All road users should follow instructions given by local police and officials on the main alpine transit routes, at bottlenecks and areas of heavy traffic congestion.

A warning triangle is compulsory and must be kept within easy reach (not in the boot).

Radar detectors are prohibited in Liechtenstein whether in use or not.

The limit for alcohol in the bloodstream is 0.08% and police may request any driver to undergo a breath test or drugs test.

See the RAC and AA guides on driving in Liechtenstein.

Road safety

Alpine winters often make driving more difficult. You should equip your car with winter tyres and snow-chains, and check road conditions prior to departure.  

Outdoor sports activities

Hiking, mountaineering and skiing are increasingly popular activities. Unfortunately each year there are incidents with visitors getting into difficulty and needing the help of the emergency services.

If you are taking part in extreme sports, check that the company is well established in the industry and that you have arranged for your travel insurance to cover the specific activity. For sports activities like skiing and mountaineering, and for sports classed as particularly dangerous (for example off-piste skiing), your insurance should include mountain rescue services, helicopter costs and repatriation to your country of residence or possible transfer to neighbouring countries for treatment.

Check weather forecasts and conditions and make sure you’re properly equipped for the worst-case scenario. A map, compass, GPS and telecommunication equipment should always be used. Don’t undertake any activity alone, and consider hiring a guide for expert advice. Always leave copies of your itinerary with someone.

The following alpine hazards exist throughout the year:

• avalanches and snow drifts

• landslides and flooding

• glacial crevasses and hollows

• rockfall

• thunder storms and lightning

• altitude sickness

• sun exposure

• sudden weather changes

To check the latest avalanche risk, visit the website of the European Avalanche Warning Services. Observe all warnings about avalanches and where appropriate consider carrying search equipment. Conditions on roads in mountainous areas can quickly become difficult in winter. You should carry water, food, warm clothing and medicines in your vehicle.

Off-piste skiing is highly dangerous. You should follow all safety instructions carefully given the danger of avalanches in some areas and particularly during times of heavy snow. Avalanche beepers (receivers) are the most common rescue devices and when properly used provide the fastest way of locating an avalanche victim.

For more information and advice on enjoying outdoor activities safely and responsibly, visit the official tourism website of the Principality of Liechtenstein.

Read more about how to stay safe on the slopes.

Although there is no recent history of terrorism in Liechtenstein, attacks can’t be ruled out. You should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks which could be in public areas, including those frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers.

UK Counter Terrorism Policing has information and advice on staying safe abroad and what to do in the event of a terrorist attack. Find out more about the global threat from terrorism.

There is a heightened threat of terrorist attack globally against UK interests and British nationals, from groups or individuals motivated by the conflict in Iraq and Syria. You should be vigilant at this time.

Taking food and drink into the EU

You cannot take meat, milk or products containing them into EU countries. There are some exceptions for medical reasons, for example certain amounts of powdered infant milk, infant food, or pet food required for medical reasons. Check the rules about taking food and drink into the EU on the European Commission website.

The information on this page covers the most common types of travel and reflects the UK government’s understanding of the rules currently in place. Unless otherwise stated, this information is for travellers using a full ‘British Citizen’ passport.

The authorities in the country or territory you’re travelling to are responsible for setting and enforcing the rules for entry. If you’re unclear about any aspect of the entry requirements, or you need further reassurance, you’ll need to contact the embassy, high commission or consulate of the country or territory you’re travelling to.

You should also consider checking with your transport provider or travel company to make sure your passport and other travel documents meet their requirements.

If you are travelling to Liechtenstein for work, read the guidance on visas and permits as the rules have changed since 1 January 2021.

Entry rules in response to coronavirus (COVID-19)

Entry to Liechtenstein

The borders with Switzerland and Austria have reopened but inspections may be in operation.

You may wish to check our Travel Advice for Switzerland and Austria.

Immigration and customs

Switzerland handles immigration and customs matters for Liechtenstein. Entry requirements are the same as for Switzerland. There is an open border between Switzerland and Liechtenstein.

There is an open border between Switzerland and Liechtenstein. The Swiss Embassy in London handles consular issues on behalf of Liechtenstein in the UK. Due to COVID-19 restrictions, travellers from the UK are restricted from entry to Liechtenstein or Switzerland. UK nationals and other non-Liechtenstein/Swiss nationals arriving from a “high risk-country” outside of the Schengen area are not permitted entry to Liechtenstein. Only the following categories of people are permitted entry:

  • Liechtenstein and Swiss nationals;
  • EU / EFTA nationals;
  • From Saturday 26 June, travellers from UK and non-EU/EEA countries will be permitted entry, if they can adequately demonstrate they have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19;
  • holders of the following documents:
    • a residence permit, i.e. a Swiss residence permit (L / B / C / Ci permits);
    • a cross-border permit (G permit),
    • an FDFA legitimation card;
    • a D visa issued by Switzerland;
    • Holders of a ‘laissez passer’ issued by a Swiss representation in cases of ‘individual special necessity’.

Further information and a list of ‘high risk countries’ can be found on the website of the State Secretariat of Migration.

Demonstrating your vaccination status from the UK is not yet formalised for entry into Liechtenstein or Switzerland, so you should follow alternative advice for entry. Your NHS appointment card from vaccination centres is not designed to be used as proof of vaccination and should not be used to demonstrate your vaccine status.

These restrictions do not apply to UK nationals who are legally resident in Liechtenstein; you will need to show proof of residence. These restrictions do not apply to UK nationals who are travelling from other Schengen countries.

If you do not hold a residence permit, or do not have your permit with you but are resident in Liechtenstein, or are otherwise exempted, you will need to apply for a ‘laissez passer’ from the Swiss Embassy in London.

Travellers from ‘high risk countries’, including the UK, need to present a negative COVID-19 test result (PCR), carried out less than 72 hours before arrival. Anyone arriving in Switzerland by air en route to Liechtenstein, even from a country that is not considered high risk will need to present a negative COVID-19 test result (PCR) before arrival. From Saturday 26 June, travellers who can adequately demonstrate they have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19 will no longer have to present a test on arrival.

Further information, including a list of ‘high risk countries’ is available on the Federal Office of Public Health website.

Travellers from ‘high risk countries’, including the UK must complete an online contact tracing form before entering Liechtenstein and provide contact details. The electronic form is available at swissplf.admin.ch. Further information, including a list of ‘high risk countries’ is available on the Federal Office of Public Health website.

Quarantine

Those arriving in Liechtenstein from the United Kingdom, regardless of nationality, are required to self-isolate for 10 days from the date of arrival. From Saturday 26 June, travellers who can adequately demonstrate they have been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, you will no longer have to present a test on arrival or quarantine for 10 days.

You may also wish to check our Travel Advice for Switzerland for further information on quarantine requirements.

Regular entry requirements

Visas

The rules for travelling or working in European countries changed on 1 January 2021:

  • you can travel to countries in the Schengen area for up to 90 days in any 180-day period without a visa. This applies if you travel as a tourist, to visit family or friends, to attend business meetings, cultural or sports events, or for short-term studies or training
  • if you are travelling to Liechtenstein and other Schengen countries without a visa, make sure your whole visit is within the 90-day limit. Visits to Schengen countries within the previous 180 days before you travel count towards your 90 days
  • to stay longer, to work or study, for business travel or for other reasons, you will need to meet the Liechtenstein government’s entry requirements. Check with the Swiss Embassy in London what type of visa and/or work permit you may need
  • if you stay in Liechtenstein with a residence permit or long-stay visa, this does not count towards your 90-day visa-free limit

Any time you spent in Liechtenstein or other Schengen countries before 1 January 2021 does not count towards your 90-day visa-free limit.

At Liechtenstein border control, you may need to use separate lanes from EU, EEA and Swiss citizens when queueing. Your passport may be stamped on entry and exit. You may also need to:

  • show a return or onward ticket
  • show you have enough money for your stay

There are separate requirements for those who are resident in Liechtenstein. If you are resident in Liechtenstein, you should carry proof of residence as well as your valid passport when you travel. For further information on these requirements, see our Living in Liechtenstein guide.

Passport validity

Check your passport is valid for travel before you book your trip, and renew your passport if you do not have enough time left on it.

You must have at least 6 months left on an adult or child passport to travel to most countries in Europe (not including Ireland).

If you renewed your current passport before the previous one expired, extra months may have been added to its expiry date. Any extra months on your passport over 10 years may not count towards the 6 months needed.

UK Emergency Travel Documents

UK ETDs are accepted for entry and exit from Liechtenstein.

Working in Liechtenstein

If you intend to work in Liechtenstein, you should get detailed information on employment regulations from the Migration and Passport Office (in German).

Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Check the latest information on risk from COVID-19 for Liechtenstein on the TravelHealthPro website

See the healthcare information in the Coronavirus section for information on what to do if you think you have coronavirus while in Liechtenstein.

At least 8 weeks before your trip, check the latest country-specific health advice from the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) on the TravelHealthPro website. Each country-specific page has information on vaccine recommendations, any current health risks or outbreaks, and factsheets with information on staying healthy abroad. Guidance is also available from NHS (Scotland) on the FitForTravel website.

General information on travel vaccinations and a travel health checklist is available on the NHS website. You may then wish to contact your health adviser or pharmacy for advice on other preventive measures and managing any pre-existing medical conditions while you’re abroad.

The legal status and regulation of some medicines prescribed or purchased in the UK can be different in other countries. If you’re travelling with prescription or over-the-counter medicine, read this guidance from NaTHNaC on best practice when travelling with medicines. For further information on the legal status of a specific medicine, you’ll need to contact the embassy, high commission or consulate of the country or territory you’re travelling to.

While travel can be enjoyable, it can sometimes be challenging. There are clear links between mental and physical health, so looking after yourself during travel and when abroad is important. Information on travelling with mental health conditions is available in our guidance page. Further information is also available from the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC).

Healthcare

You should take out appropriate travel insurance that includes cover for emergency medical treatment and associated costs.

Read more about what your travel insurance should cover.

From 1 January 2021, most people cannot use a UK-issued European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) or a Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC) to get medical treatment in Liechtenstein. Check whether your card is valid.

If you’re living in Liechtenstein, you can also find more information on healthcare for residents in our Living in Liechtenstein guide. Liechtenstein has one hospital, the Liechtensteinisches Landesspital, in Vaduz. For more serious conditions, you may need to be referred to a nearby hospital in Switzerland.

If you need emergency medical assistance during your trip, dial 144 or 112 and ask for an ambulance. If you are referred to a medical facility for treatment you should contact your insurance/medical assistance company immediately.

Diseases

There is an increased risk of tick bites from April to October. For more information read insect and tick bite avoidance

If you’re abroad and you need emergency help from the UK government, contact the nearest British embassy, consulate or high commission. If you need urgent help because something has happened to a friend or relative abroad, contact the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) in London on 020 7008 5000 (24 hours).

Foreign travel checklist

Read our foreign travel checklist to help you plan for your trip abroad and stay safe while you’re there.

Travel safety

The FCDO travel advice helps you make your own decisions about foreign travel. Your safety is our main concern, but we can’t provide tailored advice for individual trips. If you’re concerned about whether or not it’s safe for you to travel, you should read the travel advice for the country or territory you’re travelling to, together with information from other sources you’ve identified, before making your own decision on whether to travel. Only you can decide whether it’s safe for you to travel.

When we judge the level of risk to British nationals in a particular place has become unacceptably high, we’ll state on the travel advice page for that country or territory that we advise against all or all but essential travel. Read more about how the FCDO assesses and categorises risk in foreign travel advice.

Our crisis overseas page suggests additional things you can do before and during foreign travel to help you stay safe.

Refunds and cancellations

If you wish to cancel or change a holiday that you’ve booked, you should contact your travel company. The question of refunds and cancellations is a matter for you and your travel company. Travel companies make their own decisions about whether or not to offer customers a refund. Many of them use our travel advice to help them reach these decisions, but we do not instruct travel companies on when they can or can’t offer a refund to their customers.

For more information about your rights if you wish to cancel a holiday, visit the Citizen’s Advice Bureau website. For help resolving problems with a flight booking, visit the website of the Civil Aviation Authority. For questions about travel insurance, contact your insurance provider and if you’re not happy with their response, you can complain to the Financial Ombudsman Service.

Registering your travel details with us

We’re no longer asking people to register with us before travel. Our foreign travel checklist and crisis overseas page suggest things you can do before and during foreign travel to plan your trip and stay safe.

Previous versions of FCDO travel advice

If you’re looking for a previous version of the FCDO travel advice, visit the National Archives website. Versions prior to 2 September 2020 will be archived as FCO travel advice. If you can’t find the page you’re looking for there, send the Travel Advice Team a request.

Further help

If you’re a British national and you have a question about travelling abroad that isn’t covered in our foreign travel advice or elsewhere on GOV.UK, you can submit an enquiry. We’re not able to provide tailored advice for specific trips.

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