Republic. Gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Head of state:
President Serzh Azati Sargsyan, since 2008.
Head of government:
Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan, since 2008.
220 volts AC, 50Hz. European plugs with two round pins are used.
Armenia is a trove of history, littered with crumbling churches perched in spectacular settings. Landscapes transition rapidly from lush forests to shimmering lakes and stark deserts. But the best thing about Armenia is the Armenians themselves - ever welcoming and eager to show off their country to visitors.
Christianity arrived in 301AD and Armenia proudly calls itself the world's oldest Christian nation. Since the break up of the Soviet Union Armenia has seen a revival of nationalism and traditional culture. The capital Yerevan is the nation's hub of cultural activity and progressive thought, sporting impressive museums and a lively modern arts scene.
Cafe culture has been perfected and it's de rigueur to spend inordinate amounts of time lingering over bottles of Armenian cognac. Armenian food is another treat - always served hot and fresh you can expect mounds of grilled meats and vegetables straight from the nearest garden.