The presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of two members and one chairperson: one Bosniak, one Serb and one Croat. The chair rotates every eight months between Nebojsa Radmanovic (presidency member since 2006), Bakir Izetbegović (presidency member since 2010) and Zeljko Komsic (presidency member since 2006). At the time of writing, the chair is Zeljko Komsic (since July 2013).
Head of government:
Chairman of the Council of Ministers Vjekoslav Bevanda since 2012.
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Most notable among Bosnia and Herzegovina's charms is its lush, mountainous landscape, best seen from the vantage point of one of the national parks. To some, the country remains synonymous with the Yugoslav wars that ravaged the Balkan region in the 1990s; it still bears the legacy of this, having a fractured infrastructure and a countryside that remains littered with mines in some regions.
However, there are plenty of positives to take from Bosnia and Herzegovina's urban centres, especially the cosmopolitan capital of Sarajevo with its Turkish heritage and lively cafe scene. Elsewhere there are historic fortresses, splendid old mosques, monasteries and Catholic shrines to enjoy. But perhaps above all else, it is the reconstructed Ottoman bridge at Mostar that symbolises both the past and a positive new beginning for the country.
Most visits to Bosnia and Herzegovina are trouble-free but visitors should be aware that there is a threat from terrorism. There is also a global risk of indiscriminate terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.
Tensions between ethnic and religious groups occasionally result in demonstrations. It is rare that these are targeted at the International Community, but for the sake of personal safety travellers should avoid large crowds and demonstrations.
Unexploded landmines remain a real danger, particularly in isolated areas in the mountains and countryside. Highly populated areas and major routes are now clear of mines and are safe to visit. But although the tarmaced roads themselves may be clear on major routes, there are many landmines close to the edge of roads. Travellers should therefore be careful not to stray from roads and paved areas without an experienced guide. There are also many abandoned houses which are booby trapped with mines, even within towns and cities.
Visitors should also be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate international terrorist attacks, which could be against civilian targets, including places frequented by foreigners.
This advice is based on information provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. It is correct at time of publishing. As the situation can change rapidly, visitors are advised to contact the following organisations for the latest travel advice: