Republic. Gained independence from the UK in 1964.
Head of state:
President George Abela since 2009.
Head of government:
Prime Minister Joseph Muscat since 2013.
240 volts AC, 50Hz. UK-style three-pin plugs are in use.
From the MTV music festival in Valletta to abseiling and climbing in Gozo, Malta rocks. Small in size but big in character, Malta offers cool cafes, buzzing night clubs, exhilarating activities, exciting festivals and amazing archaeological wonders, whatever the time of year.
Situated in the centre of the Mediterranean, the Maltese archipelago, which includes Gozo, Comino, Cominotto and Filfla, exudes character at every turn, from its vibrant blue waters and secluded bays, to medieval walled citadels and splendid baroque churches. Every year, visitors flock to Malta's striking coastline to sample its mouth-watering seafood and immerse themselves in fascinating history, traditional villages and colourful fiestas.
From retracing the footsteps of St Paul to discovering where the Knights of St John defended Christendom, this open-air museum will reveal new surprises to you at every turn.
Last updated: 18 April 2014
The travel advice summary below is provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. 'We' refers to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. For their full travel advice, visit www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice.
Around 450,000 British tourists visit Malta every year. Most visits are trouble-free.
If you need to contact the emergency services call 112. If you need urgent consular assistance out of office hours telephone (+356) 2323 0000.
There is a low threat from terrorism.
You should take out comprehensive travel and medical insurance before you travel.