World Travel Guide > Guides > Asia > Vietnam

Vietnam Health Care and Vaccinations

Title Special precautions
Typhoid Yes
Yellow Fever No*
Diphtheria Yes
Hepatitis A Yes
Malaria Sometimes
Rabies Sometimes
Tetanus Yes

* A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over one year of age coming from areas with risk of yellow fever transmission.

Health Care

There are excellent hospitals in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, and health care centres in all provinces, but facilities are limited and there is a lack of medicines. Health insurance is essential and should include cover for emergency repatriation by air. Immediate cash payment is expected for services. Call 115 in the case of a medical emergency.

Travellers who stay longer than three months need a negative HIV-test.

Food and Drink

Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have first been boiled or otherwise sterilised. However, bottled water is widely available and cheap; make sure the seal is unbroken before drinking. Unpasteurised milk should be boiled. However, pasteurised milk is widely available now. Avoid dairy products that are likely to have been made from unboiled milk. Only eat well-cooked meat and fish, preferably served hot. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit peeled.

Other Risks

Vaccinations against tuberculosis and hepatitis B are sometimes advised. Dengue fever continues to be a problem; guarding against mosquito bites is advised. Japanese encephalitis is found in Northern Vietnam, including Hanoi.

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