Travel to Sofia
Flying to Sofia
Airlines offering flights to Sofia from the UK include British Airways, Bulgaria Air, easyJet and Wizz Air. There are no direct flights from the USA.
From London - 3 hours; New York - 11 hours (including stopover); Los Angeles - 14 hours 10 minutes (including stopover); Toronto - 11 hours 10 minutes (including stopover); Sydney - 22 hours (including stopovers).
Travel by road
Sofia traffic drives on the right and the minimum driving age is 18 years. Speed limits are 120-140kph (75-87mph) on motorways, 90kph (56mph) on country roads and 50kph (31mph) in urban areas. Driving throughout Bulgaria can be slow, as traffic is frequently held up by heavy goods vehicles. Entering and leaving Sofia during weekends is especially busy.
A Green Card is useful, but not compulsory for EU travellers. All driving licences from EU countries are valid for Bulgaria. If travelling from outside the EU, an International Driving Permit is recommended.
To drive on Bulgarian roads outside Sofia, drivers must purchase a vignette, to display in the windscreen. These are available from border crossings, post offices and some petrol stations, valid from one week to one year.
All cars must carry a first-aid kit and fire extinguisher and accidents should be reported to the traffic police, KAT (tel: 166 or 982 2723). The Bulgarian Automobile Touring Association – SBA (tel: +359 2 91146), provides information and deals with breakdowns.
Emergency breakdown services
SBA (tel: 1286 – within Sofia; 146 – outside Sofia).
The A1 and A2 are the major roads out of Sofia. The A1 heads east toward Plovdiv, while the A2 heads northeast to connect with the E772 toward Veliko Tarnovo, continuing northeast to where it becomes the A2 again, reaching Varna on the Black Sea.
The E79 goes to Sofia from Greece, crossing the border at Kulata. The E80 from Turkey crosses the border at Kapitan Andreevo, while the E79 travels from Romania, crossing the border at Vidin-Kalafat. In addition, the E80 motorway runs to Sofia from the Yugoslav border at Kalotina and the E871 from the Russian border at Gyueshevo.
Nearly all the long-distance domestic and international buses leave from Sofia’s modern Tsentralna Avtogara (Central Bus Station), 100 Knyaginya Maria Louisa Boulevard, near the railway station. Buses to all major Bulgarian cities, as well as 90% of towns and villages, also leave from here, including those to Plovdiv, Varna, Ruse, Bourgas, Veliko Ternovo and Sandanski.
Buses to closer destinations in the southeast of Bulgaria (including Samakov and Borovets) leave from the Yug terminal (avtogara Yug), Dragan Tsankov Boulevard, and Ovcha kupel (including Rila Monastery), Ovcha kupel Boulevard 1. Eurolines (tel: +44 871 781 8177, in the UK; www.eurolines.com) runs international coaches, connecting Sofia to cities throughout Europe. These terminate in front of the railway station.
Time to city
From Plovdiv - 2 hours; Veliko Tarnovo - 3 hours; Varna - 5 hours 30 minutes.
Travel by Rail
The Bulgarian State Railway runs cheap and extensive services throughout the country, although trains can be very slow. The monumental, concrete Tsentralna Gara, Sofia's main station, is located at 102 Knyaginya Maria Louisa Boulevard, a 20-minute walk north of the city centre.
Tickets for lines covering the northern half of Bulgaria are sold on the ground floor - all others are sold in the basement. You can buy international tickets at the international ticket counters.
The Bulgarian State Railway, Balgarski Darzhavni Zheleznitsi (tel: +359 2 932 4190; www.bdz.bg) runs six main routes from Sofia – to Varna or Bourgas on the Black Sea coast, to Plovdiv and beyond on the Turkish border, to Kalotina on the Yugoslavian border, to Kulata on the Greek border and to Ruse on the Romanian border.
There are also daily services to Belgrade, Bucharest and Budapest.
From Varna - 7 hours 30 minutes; Plovdiv - 3 hours 30 minutes; Belgrade - 9 hours 30 minutes; Bucharest - 11 hours 15 minutes; Budapest - 23 hours.
The metro runs within the city, with single trip travel cards available as well as daily passes, three-day passes, monthly passes, and three, six, and twelve- month passes. There are also student discounts and a decreased price for people with disabilities.