FOLLOW US

World Travel Guide > Guides > Europe > Denmark > Copenhagen

Copenhagen Weather

9°C

Local time Copenhagen

Currency

kr

Copenhagen History

Copenhagen's foundation dates back to 1167 when Bishop Absalon built a bastion on the island of Slotsholmen, today the site of Christiansborg Palace and the Danish parliament.

Following the signing of a treaty that began the Kalmar Union among Denmark, Norway and Sweden, the city became the capital of Denmark in 1416 when Eric of Pomerania moved his seat to Copenhagen Castle. As a result, the city boomed and many of Copenhagen's most impressive buildings were constructed in the years that followed, in particular during the reign of Christian IV (1588-1648). Along with the Børsen, the Rundetårn and the Palace of Rosenborg, Christian IV was also responsible for Copenhagen's canal network and for the development of Christianshavn.

Like most European nations in the 18th century, Copenhagen's growth was curtailed by a series of military misadventures, with several sieges, an outbreak of plague and two terrible fires causing much damage.

After wars with the British in the early part of the 19th century, Copenhagen bounced back and flourished, ushering a period of intense cultural creativity known as the Danish Golden Age. In the 20th century, with Denmark remained neutral in WW1, Copenhagen continued to prosper. But it was not so fortunate during WWII when German troops occupied the city from 1 April 1940 to 4 May 1945. After the war, Copenhagen and its surround areas became Denmark's manufacturing hub.

Today, Copenhagen is one of the world's most stylish cities and is famous for its cutting-edge design and vibrant gastronomic scene.

Browse our Video Guides

Related Articles

City Highlight: Copenhagen

One of our writers said Copenhagen is like sunshine on roses - beautiful and sophisticated, it makes your heart melt like butter on a hot pavement.

Featured Hotels

SEE MORE

CABINN Metro Hotel

Just a short walk from Ørestad Train Station, this eco-friendly hotel offers compact rooms (shaped like a ship cabin) but functional rooms. It’s clean, good-value, ideal for visitors who just want a place to rest at night.

Woodah Hostel

With yoga classes available to guests at Dkk100 per class (mat provided) at one of the studios nearby, Woodah appeals to budget travellers who are open minded, interested in yoga and sustainable living. Beds are clean and bathroom facilities are shared.

Ibsens Hotel

This 3-star hotel is in the lively Nansengade area of Copenhagen, within 3 minutes' walk from the Nørreport Metro and Train Station. It is also close to Torvehallerne Food Market (320m or 350 yards).

Danhostel Copenhagen City

Danhostel Copenhagen City proves that budget doesn't have to mean blend or unstylish. Within walking distance of the city centre, this hostel is ideal for families or groups travelling on a budget, shared and private rooms are available with a shower and/or toilet.

Copenhagen Island

Located on a man-made island in Copenhagen's harbour, this contemporary complex of steel, glass and light colours makes for a memorable stay especially if you are a fan of Danish design. All mod cons are available in its 326 rooms hotel.

Hotel d'Angleterre

The Hotel d'Angleterre is regarded as Copenhagen's finest hotel, offering a world of elegance and traditions from a bygone era combined with modern comfort, attracting royalty, presidents, film and pop stars.