World Travel Guide > Guides > Asia > Myanmar

Myanmar Health Care and Vaccinations

Title Special precautions
Yellow Fever No*
Malaria Sometimes
Rabies Sometimes
Tetanus Yes
Typhoid Yes
Hepatitis A Yes
Diphtheria Yes

* A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers coming from an infected area.

Health Care

There are hospitals and clinics in cities and larger towns, and regional health centres in outlying areas, although the quality of healthcare is generally low in Myanmar. Many hospitals lack basic equipment and medication, a situation not helped by high levels of corruption, and international-standard facilities are both scarce and expensive. Health insurance covering medical evacuation is strongly recommended. It is advisable to carry a remedy against minor stomach upsets and other basic illnesses. Pharmacists sell most medicines without prescription.

Food and Drink

All water should be regarded as being potentially contaminated. Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should have first been boiled or otherwise sterilised. Milk is unpasteurised and should be boiled. Powdered or tinned milk is available and is advised. Avoid dairy products which are likely to have been made from unboiled milk. Only eat well-cooked meat and fish. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit peeled. Some travellers avoid Burmese food for their evening meal, as the curries are cooked in the morning then left in pots throughout the day. Chinese dishes, on the other hand, are usually cooked to order.

Other Risks

Vaccinations against Japanese B encephalitis, tuberculosis and hepatitis B are sometimes recommended. Malaria is considered to be a risk throughout the country except for in Yangon or Mandalay. Consult a doctor or travel clinic for advice on whether malaria prophylaxis is required; in any case, take precautions to avoid mosquito bites. This is also important as a way to avoid dengue fever, a serious disease which is also carried by mosquitos.

Bird Flu

Especially Yangon is affected by a swine flu outbreak since July 2017. Flu vaccinations helps to prevent indection. 

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