Travel to Istanbul
Flying to Istanbul
Turkish Airlines is the national flag carrier airline of Turkey, serving 304 destinations in Turkey and around the world. Other airlines that fly to Istanbul include Emirates, Etihad, KLM, Lufthansa, among many others.
From London Heathrow to Istanbul: British Airways and Turkish Airlines, both fly to Istanbul Ataturk Airport.
From Gatwick to Istanbul: Pegasus to Istanbul Sabiha Airport and Turkish Airlines fly to Istanbul Ataturk Airport.
From Stansted Airport: Atlasglobal and Pegasus both fly to Istanbul Sabiha Airport.
From London - 3 hours 40 minutes; New York - 9 hours 50 minutes; Los Angeles - 13 hours; Toronto - 10 hours; Sydney - 21 hours (including stopover).
Travel by road
Driving in Istanbul is not for the faint-hearted due to congestion and the way the locals drive may be different from what you are used to. Also, all toll stations on highways and bridges do not accept cash or credit card - payment must be made using an electronic payment device attached to the car.
Driving is on the right and speed limits are as follows:
• Urban: 50kph / 32mph
• Main road: 90kph / 56mph
• Highway: 120kph / 75mph
Drivers bringing cars into Turkey must show their registration documents, passport and international driving licence at the place of entry. If arriving from Europe, you must have a Green Card - a document produced by car insurers to prove that a driver has adequate insurance cover for driving abroad. You must carry a valid driving licence, passport, logbook, insurance certificate and vehicle registration at all times. The Turkish Touring and Automobile Association (www.turing.org.tr) has reciprocal agreements with some international motoring associations.
Emergency breakdown services
Traffic Police (tel: 154).
There are many routes to Turkey from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Georgia, Greece, Iran, Iraq and Syria. Popular crossing points for Europeans are Kapıkule in Edirne (from Bulgaria) and İpsala, also in Edirne (from Greece).
The distance from Kapıkule to Istanbul is 259km (161 miles) via E80, while the distance from İpsala to Istanbul is 255km (158 miles) via E84.
On the European side, Büyük Istanbul Otogari (International Istanbul Bus Terminal) in Esenler, about 10km (6 miles) west of Istanbul, serves all international and most domestic lines. Upon arrival, you can get metro M1 to the city centre.
On the Anatolian (Asian) side, Harem is the hub for the buses. Upon arrival, you can take a ferry to the European side.
Some of the best coach companies in Istanbul include Kamil Koç (www.kamilkoc.com.tr) and Ulusoy (www.ulusoy.com.tr); together they serve a wide range of destinations throughout Turkey, including Ankara, Antalya, Bodrum, Bursa, Çanakkale, Fethiye and Izmir.
Long journeys are usually made at night, leaving Istanbul after 2200 and arriving at the destination in the morning.
Time to city
From border crossing Kapıkule to Istanbul - 3 hours.
From Ankara to Istanbul - 5 hours.
Travel by Rail
The Bosphorus Express, also known as the Trans Balkan Express, is an international passenger train running between Istanbul, Turkey and Bucharest, Romania.
Turkish State Railways - TCDD (www.tcdd.gov.tr) operates the national railway network.
From Bucharest (Romania) to Istanbul - 18 hours.
Travel by boat
The Port of Istanbul for cruise liners is located in Karaköy, at the point where the Golden Horn flows into the Bosphorus. It has two piers: the Galata Pier and the Salıpazarı Pier.
There are many passenger ferries taking locals and visitors to nearby islands and Marmara's southern shore.
Once your cruise ship docks at Karaköy Yolcu Salonu passenger terminal (at Beyoglu's southern tip), walk along the boardwalk until you reach the Galata Bridge, and cross it, and you will be in the city centre, close to major tourist attractions.