Top events in Brazil


Outdoor concerts and parties all over the city culminate in a massive fireworks display on Copacabana Beach to mark Rio’s New Year’s Eve...


This important and moving religious festival is celebrated all along the northeast coast of Brazil, particularly in Salvador, as well as in Rio de...


Up to two million people cram onto Copacabana Beach on New Year’s Eve, for the biggest free party in Brazil. Big-name bands entertain the...

Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro
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Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro

© Schmid

Brazil Travel Guide

Key Facts

8,547,404 sq km (3,300,171 sq miles).


201 million (2013).

Population density

23.5 per sq km.




Federal Republic.

Head of state

President Dilma Rousseff since 2011.

Head of government

President Dilma Rousseff since 2011.


Brasília and Recife, 220 volts AC; Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, 127V AC or 220V in larger hotels. Plugs are of the two-pin type. Most hotels provide 110V- and 220V-outlets, transformers and adaptors.

From the jungle calls of the Amazon to the curves of Copacabana’s thong-clad crowds, Brazil is a heady celebration of the big, the bold and the beautiful. Brazil’s vast coastline is fringed with sandy beaches and island getaways, while buzzing Rio de Janeiro and stylish São Paulo offer nightlife and culture galore – as well as an annual dose of Carnival fever.

Whether it’s the big surf of Santa Catarina in the far south, or the sand dunes of northern Natal, you could spend months hopping from one sun-baked beach to the next. Offshore islands add further temptation. Some, such as tiny Ilha Catimbau in the Bay of Paraty, are little more than a pile of rocks. Others, such as Fernando de Noronha, are a nature lover’s paradise, protected by a pristine national park.

Hard as it may be to drag yourself away from the coast, this enormous country also offers many inland attractions. Not least the Amazon Basin, the lungs and freshwater supply for much of the subcontinent. Here you can loll in a hammock as you drift downstream on a steamboat, looking out for the occasional macaw. You could take a wildlife safari down a side-creek in a dugout canoe, or simply wonder at the luxurious lunacy of the Manaus Opera House, clad in Italian marble and sparkling with crystal chandeliers.

Surpassing even the Amazon for its flora and fauna is the Pantanal, the biggest wetlands in the world. The sheer abundance of nature here is overwhelming, particularly in the dry season when thousands of caiman rub shoulders with capybara at the shrunken waterholes.

The Iguaçu Falls, spanning the Argentinian border, are one of the natural wonders of the world. Some 275 waterfalls cascade from the tropical forest, as dazzling blue morpho butterflies flit through the spray. The biggest fall is the Garganta do Diabo – Devil’s Throat – at 82m (2709ft) more than 1½ times taller than Niagara.

The Northeast is where Brazil’s African roots are strongest, and with much of its earliest preserved architecture. The sultry coastal city of Salvador, is famous for its rich cultural heritage; as expressed in its passionate music and dance, spicy cuisine, and Afro-Brazilian spiritual traditions.

With all of Brazil’s awe inspiring natural beauty and rich cultural wealth, it should come as no surprise that the Brazilians themselves are also fabulously diverse. The indigenous peoples were rapidly outnumbered by influxes of settlers from Europe, as well as millions of slaves transported from Africa. The stereotype hedonistic, football-mad, body-beautiful Brazilian is no doubt based on Rio’s native Carioca. But there are also blonde blue-eyed gauchos with German roots in the south, Lebanese merchants in the Amazon, and the world’s biggest Japanese population outside of Japan.

Preparing to host the World Cup in 2014, and the 2016 Olympics coming to Rio, the largest country in South America is gearing up to take centre stage. Whether you’re strolling down orderly São Paulo avenues, or kicking back in the chic coastal resort of Búzios, you’ll discover a Brazil that is confidently rising to the challenge.

Prices are steadily increasing, so even the simplest Brazilian holidays don’t come cheap. Crime does happen, especially in the cities, but those who keep their wits about them and avoid certain areas are highly likely to have an incident-free trip.

Travel Advice

Last updated: 16 December 2014

The travel advice summary below is provided by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in the UK. 'We' refers to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. For their full travel advice, visit

Protests take place regularly, often without warning, in a number of Brazilian cities, including Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Belo Horizonte. There have been violent incidents and injuries. Take extra care and avoid all large gatherings and demonstrations. Monitor local media and follow the guidance of local authorities.

Strikes affecting transport and security may take place at short notice across Brazil. These are often short but may cause disruption. Monitor local media for updates and advice.

Levels of crime and violence are high, particularly in major cities. You should be particularly vigilant before and during the festive and Carnival periods. Bank card fraud is common. 

There is an underlying threat from terrorism.

169,732 British nationals visited Brazil in 2013. Most visits are trouble free.

If you’re a single parent or guardian travelling with a child, you may need additional documentation.
Drug trafficking is widespread in Brazil, and incurs severe penalties.

The Overseas Business Risk service offers information and advice for British companies operating overseas on how to manage political, economic, and business security-related risks.

Cases of Chikungunya virus have been reported in Brazil. You should take appropriate precautions to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.