World Travel Guide > Guides > Asia > Indonesia

Indonesia travel guide

About Indonesia

Spread across the equator, Indonesia is a series of emerald jewels scattered across a broad expanse of tropical sea. This is one of the world's great adventures in waiting - hidden away in dense jungles on secret islands are tribes still living in isolation from the modern world and animals hardly known to science.

Indonesia is the fourth most populous nation on Earth with an incredible legacy of people, culture and geography just waiting to be explored. This archipelago boasts more than 18,000 islands, from tiny islets not much bigger than a palm tree to rugged expanses of land like Borneo, shared with the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak.

Many visitors come specifically to seek out their own island paradise, complete with white-sand beaches, swaying palms and emerald waters. Below the waters, there are some of the world's best dive sites, swarming with huge sunfish, giant rays, sharks, porpoises, turtles and a blindingly colourful array of tropical fish.

For others, the attraction is cultural. A fascinating range of civilisations has developed across these tropical islands, from animist tribes in remote jungle villages to the elaborate Hindu kingdoms of Bali and Java. In Indonesia, timeless temples jostle for space with golden-domed mosques and beach resorts crowded with sun-seekers and surfers. The surf resort of Kuta in Bali has become one of the world's favourite tropical escapes, and the beach parties rave through till dawn every day of the week.

Those in search of a real escape can venture to the volcanic islands that drift eastwards towards Australia. There are towering volcanoes to be climbed, national parks to be explored and tropical rainforests to be trekked. You might even get lucky and meet a babirusa endemic to Sulawesi or the world's largest living reptile on the island of Komodo, home to the eponymous Komodo dragon.

Best of all, flights and ferries link all of the major islands, so you can island-hop right across the archipelago, stopping only when you find your own perfect piece of Southeast Asia.

Key facts


1,904,569 sq km (735,358 square miles).


269,544,949 (2019)

Population density:

140.08 per sq km.





Head of state:

President Joko Widodo since 2014.

Head of government:

President Joko Widodo since 2014.

Travel Advice

The Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) advises against all travel to:

  • Within 5 km of the Mount Sinabung crater in Karo Regency, North Sumatra.
  • Within 5km of the crater of Mount Semeru in Lumajang Regency, East Java. Also the southeast area of Mount Semeru along the Besuk Kobokan river, approximately 13km from the crater, and 500m from any Besuk Kobokan riverbank.

At 10am Western Indonesian Time (WIB) on 7 January, Mount Marapi in Sumatra erupted. The Indonesian authorities have imposed an exclusion zone of 3 KM at this time

A magnitude 5.6 earthquake hit near Cianjur, West Java on 22 November. The area continues to be affected by aftershocks.

The FCDO is in contact with local authorities. You should remain vigilant and follow the advice of the local security authorities and/or your tour operator.

This page will be updated as the situation develops.

These are exclusion zones put in place by the local authorities due to ongoing volcanic activity. If you’re in either exclusion zone, you should leave immediately. See Mount Sinabung and Mount Semura

Before you travel, check the ‘Entry requirements’ section for Indonesia’s current entry restrictions and requirements. These may change with little warning. Monitor this advice for the latest updates and stay in contact with your travel provider.

If you plan to pass through another country to return to the UK, check the travel advice for the country you’re transiting.

It is more important than ever to get travel insurance and check it provides sufficient cover. See the FCDO’s guidance on foreign travel insurance.

Around 390,000 British nationals visit Indonesia every year.

Violent protests have taken place in Manokwari, West Papua Province and in Jayapura and Wamena, Papua Province during August and September 2019. You should monitor local media, follow the advice of local authorities, and avoid large gatherings in public areas, including demonstrations and political rallies, as they could become violent with little notice. See Papua and West Papua

There were nationwide protests in Indonesia by students against new draft legislation on 24 September 2019. These have the potential to reoccur. You should avoid large gatherings in public areas, including demonstrations and political rallies, as they could become violent with little notice. See Political situation

Terrorists are very likely to try to carry out attacks in Indonesia. Terrorist groups continue to plan attacks and have the capacity and intent to carry out these attacks at anytime and anywhere in the country. Types of attacks have included suicide bombing and small-arms fire, targeting public and crowded places. Be vigilant and take care. There is a heightened risk during holiday periods, including those with a religious focus. You should exercise extra caution at these times. See Terrorism

You should exercise caution when travelling to Aceh, Central Sulawesi Province (especially Palu, Poso and Tentena), Maluku Province (especially Ambon), Papua and West Papua Province due to potential for violence or violent conflict. See Local travel

Forest fires continue to burn in Indonesia’s forest and peatlands, mostly on Sumatra and Borneo, generating widespread haze that can affect air quality. You should monitor air quality during your visit and follow medical advice where appropriate. See Health

There are many active volcanoes in Indonesia, any of which can erupt with little or no warning. This often results in the evacuation of villages within a 3 to 7 km radius and disruption to air travel in the wider region. In the past, repeated eruptions have caused destruction and fatalities. Check media reports before travelling to areas that are prone to volcanic activity. The local alert level may change at short notice. Take extra care and follow the advice of local authorities, including respecting any exclusion zones. See Natural disasters

A number of areas across Indonesia, including in Central Sulawesi, Lombok and the Sunda Strait, are continuing to recover from the impact of earthquakes and/or tsunamis in 2018. If you’re travelling to affected areas, you should exercise caution, particularly around damaged buildings and the most affected areas. See Earthquakes and tsunamis

Possession, trafficking and manufacture of drugs are serious offences in Indonesia. Some offences carry the death penalty. Do not get involved. See Local laws and customs

There have been a number of deaths and cases of serious illness of tourists in Indonesia, caused by drinking alcoholic drinks contaminated with methanol. See Methanol poisoning

If you’re abroad and you need emergency help from the UK government, contact the nearest British embassy, consulate or high commission. Consular support may be limited in parts of Indonesia given the size of the country and the remoteness of some areas.

To contact the emergency services call 111 or 112 (police), 118 or 119 (ambulance and rescue) or 113 (fire).

To contact the tourist police in Bali call 0361 7540599 or 0361 224111. To contact the tourist police in Jakarta call 021 526 4073.

The Overseas Business Risk service offers information and advice for British companies operating overseas on how to manage political, economic, and business security-related risks.

Coronavirus travel health

Check the latest information on risk from COVID-19 for Indonesia on the TravelHealthPro website

See the TravelHealthPro website for further advice on travel abroad and reducing spread of respiratory viruses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Death from COVID-19 in Indonesia

If COVID-19 is given as cause of death and you would like to arrange a local cremation and repatriation of ashes, you will need to make contact with a local undertaker within 4 hours of the death registration to give your instructions. If you do not do this, it is likely that a local burial will take place.

You will also require a letter of no objection from the Embassy. This will be issued on the next working day.

Testing positive for COVID-19 in Indonesia and isolation

If you test positive for COVID-19 during your stay in Indonesia you will be required to take the following action:

  1. Without follow-up PCR test: Isolate for 10 days. Isolation can be at your home or hotel. At the end of 10 days you are deemed recovered.

  2. With follow-up PCR test: Isolate at your home or hotel and take a second PCR test 5 days after your positive test. If this is negative, your SATUSEHAT ios or SATUSEHAT andriod App certification will become green and you are deemed to be recovered and can leave isolation.


Passengers travelling on domestic flights, trains or ferries

If you have been fully vaccinated and boosted you can travel without PCR or antigen test, but must provide proof of vaccination status in hard copy and via the SATUSEHAT ios or SATUSEHAT andriod App at your check in.

If you have received a booster along with the two initial vaccinations, you can travel without showing a negative Covid-19 test result.

Travellers who have received two vaccinations must show a negative antigen test taken within 1x24 hours or a negative RT-PCR test obtained 3x24 hours prior to departure. You may be offered a booster on-site before departure. Travellers who have received a first dose of vaccine must show a negative RT-PCR test taken 3x24 hours prior to departure. Travellers who are unable to be vaccinated due to a medical condition must show a negative PCR test taken 3x24 hours prior to departure. You will need a doctor’s letter specifying why you cannot be vaccinated.

Travellers under the age of 6 are exempt from vaccination and negative Covid-19 test requirement, however they must travel with an adult who meets all the vaccination and Covid-19 test requirements.

Children aged 6-17 are excluded from testing, but will be required to provide proof of complete dose of vaccine.

  • The test certificate should have a readable barcode or QR code and must be issued by a Ministry of Health approved health facility, a list of which can be found here
  • If the test certificate does not have a QR code an additional PCR test may be required
  • A completed airline travel declaration form where required
  • A completed domestic electronic health alert card (e-HAC) which can be found on the SATUSEHAT ios or SATUSEHAT andriod app
  • Travellers who are 12 and above are required to show proof of full vaccination in the form of a certificate on the SATUSEHAT app. Proof of vaccination for children between the ages of 12 and 16 can be integrated within their parents app
  • We recommend all passengers check with their airline for the latest information before travelling

For international air passengers

Passengers who are leaving Indonesia via Jakarta are exempt from showing proof of Covid-19 vaccination if they have no previous travel connection and are leaving directly from Jakarta. Any other passenger must show evidence of Covid-19 vaccination if they have received the vaccine.

Any passengers who have not received a vaccine, intend to leave Indonesia and need to travel domestically to do so, are exempt from showing vaccine certification subject to the following conditions:

  • they do not leave the airport area during transit
  • they obtain clearance from the Port Health Office at the point of first departure
  • they show a full and valid flight itinerary showing all departure and arrival points

Travel requirements change frequently, sometimes at short notice. Please consult the Garuda Indonesia website for up to date information on testing requirements.

Travellers are required to install the SATUSEHAT ios or SATUSEHAT andriod app.

Entry and borders

See Entry requirements to find out what you will need to do when you arrive in Indonesia.

Be prepared for your plans to change

No travel is risk-free during Covid-19. Countries may further restrict travel or bring in new rules at short notice, for example due to a new Covid-19 variant. Check with your travel company or airline for any transport changes which may delay your journey home.

Plan ahead and make sure you:

  • can access money
  • understand what your insurance will cover
  • can make arrangements to extend your stay and be away for longer than planned

Travel in Indonesia

Emergency public activity restrictions (PPKM) are being rolled back quickly across the country and most facilities are open.


Hotels and private rental options continue to be open for business.

Public places and services

Shops and services are easily accessible.

Healthcare in Indonesia

For contact details for English speaking doctors, visit our list of healthcare providers.

The standard of local medical care in Indonesia can be poor and some medical tests cannot be done reliably. As the government of Indonesia announces rising numbers of Covid-19 cases, there is an increasing risk that the healthcare system will come under significant further strain. Access to routine and emergency healthcare may be limited.

View Health for further details on healthcare in Indonesia.

If you think you have Covid-19 symptoms, you should contact your nearest doctor or hospital. Detailed information about how patients with Covid-19 symptoms are handled can be found in our ‘living in Indonesia’ guide.


For information on financial support you can access whilst abroad, visit our financial assistance guidance


Numbers of reported cases of rape and sexual assault are high in Bali and Lombok. You should exercise the same caution you would in the UK when travelling at night and avoid areas that are poorly lit. If you wish to travel by taxi, use only registered companies (such as Bluebird, Silverbird or Express) and ensure the driver’s identity is shown. If you are booking via a mobile app, always ensure that the driver is the same as the person on the app and share your journey with a friend via the in app option. Be aware of drivers claiming to be registered with online ride hailing apps trying to pick up passengers off the street.

Be aware of the risk of street crime and pick-pocketing, particularly in busy tourist areas in Bali, where there have been reports of bag-snatching. Take sensible measures to protect yourself and your belongings. Avoid having bags obviously on show and carry only essential items. Take particular care of your passport and bank cards and avoid travelling around alone.

Credit card fraud is common. Do not lose sight of your card during transactions. Criminals sometimes place a fake telephone number on ATMs advising customers to report problems. Customers dialling the number are asked for their PIN and their card is then retained within the machine.

Beware of thieves on public transport. If you’re travelling by car keep doors locked at all times. Car hire and taxi firms are widely advertised at hotels and shopping malls in central Jakarta and at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. Take care to distinguish Bluebird and Silverbird taxi vehicles from ‘lookalike’ competitors. Beware of taxi touts at airports who will try to charge extortionate rates.

Only use licensed money changers for converting your money. Licensed money changers can be identified by the presence of a sign titled ‘Authorized Money Changer’ and the formal name of the business, accompanied by logos and certificates issued by the Bank of Indonesia. On the logos and branding, there should be a QR Code that when opened shows the information of the business and proof of licenses.

Alcohol and drugs

Drinks served in bars can be stronger than those in the UK and the measures of spirits are larger. In some cases, over drinking and taking drugs has resulted in accidents, injuries, robbery, assaults and lost travel documents and some British nationals have suffered psychiatric problems caused by alcohol, drugs and a lack of sleep. You should drink responsibly and be aware of your limits.

Possession of drugs in Indonesia is illegal and will attract a lengthy sentence if you are caught with even small amounts. Indonesia retains the death penalty for drug dealing and smuggling.

Drink spiking

There have been reports of sexual assaults and drink spiking in Bali, Lombok and the Gili Islands. Make sure drinks are prepared in your sight and be careful about accepting drinks from strangers at clubs and parties, or leaving drinks unattended. Tourists have also been robbed after taking visitors to their hotel rooms, and in some cases have found that their drinks were spiked.

Drink poisoning (Methanol)

People, including British nationals, have died or suffered serious illness in Indonesia after drinking alcoholic drinks contaminated with methanol.

Drink poisoning incidents have happened in bars, shops and hotels in tourist areas like Bali, Lombok, the Gili Islands and Sumatra. Criminal gangs make counterfeit replicas of well-known alcohol brands containing high amounts of methanol.

Take extreme care when buying spirit-based drinks. Bottles may appear to be genuine when they’re not, and bottle labels may not be accurate. Contaminated drinks have included:

  • Local spirits, including arak/arrack (a local rice or palm liquor)
  • Spirit-based drinks, such as cocktails
  • Brand name alcohol

Symptoms of methanol poisoning can be similar to those of alcohol poisoning (find out more about alcohol poisoning from the NHS). They may include:

  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness or fatigue (feeling very tired)
  • Vomiting
  • Changes in vision, including not being able to see, blurred vision or difficulty looking at bright lights
  • Abdominal and muscle pain

To protect yourself from drink poisoning:

  • Buy or drink alcoholic beverages at reputable licensed premises
  • Be careful drinking cocktails and drinks made with spirits
  • Avoid home-made alcoholic drinks
  • Check bottle seals are intact

Seek urgent medical attention if you or someone you’re travelling with show signs of alcohol-induced methanol poisoning or drink-spiking.

Local travel

For longer journeys, notify friends of your travel plans, contact them on arrival and where possible travel in convoy/with others. Always carry a reliable means of communication with you and ensure that your travel insurance covers you for any activities you may be undertaking.


Armed Papuan separatist groups are fighting for independence from Indonesia in the region of Papua. Violence has been steadily increasing since 2018. The Indonesian government has a heavy security presence throughout the region especially in Highland Papua, Central Papua provinces and along the border with Papua New Guinea. There are regular armed clashes between Papuan separatist groups (known as the TPNPB-OPM) and government security forces, mainly in the regions of Highland Papua and Central Papua.

Clashes have resulted in civilian deaths, including foreign nationals. In March 2020, a New Zealand national was shot dead and a number of Indonesian nationals were wounded in a mining facility in Highland Papua province. In February 2023 a New Zealand national was kidnapped by a separatist group in Nduga, Highland Papua Province. In February 2023, the TPNPB-OPM issued a statement that foreigners in the Papua region would be targeted.

There have been several instances of Papuan separatists attacking commercial aircraft servicing remote communities via small local airfields, especially in Highland Papua and Central Papua provinces. This includes aircraft which are regularly used by foreign nationals and those working in the region as the only viable means of transportation.

Political tensions have also led to violent demonstrations in cities across Papua, which have turned violent at short notice. Take local advice to help you avoid possible demonstrations and political rallies. Internet communications might be switched off in areas where demonstrations are planned. Make plans in advance in case you are affected.

If you’re planning to travel in the Highland Papua and Central Papua provinces be aware that the security situation is unpredictable and can change quickly, Take local advice to understand the current tensions, and how you can reduce your personal risks.

In June 2022 the Indonesian government passed new legislation to reform the governance and administration of the Papua region. The existing provinces of Papua and West Papua have been reorganised into six provinces, which are now known as: Papua, West Papua, Central Papua, Highland Papua, South Papua, and Southwest Papua If you have travelled to the area previously make sure you check the updated map.

The UK Government has no permanent presence in the region. Consular services are delivered remotely from Jakarta. There are limited hospital facilities in the region. If you need emergency medical treatment, you are likely to be medically evacuated to Darwin in Australia.

Central Sulawesi Province

The political situation in Central Sulawesi Province is unsettled. Take particular care in Palu, Poso and Tentena and be alert to the potential for politically-motivated violence.

There is ongoing conflict between the Indonesian security forces and terrorists, including attacks upon police and civilians in May 2021. This conflict is predominantly concentrated in the Sigi, Parigi Moutong and Poso regions.

Maluku Province

Maluku Province has experienced unrest and violence between different religious and tribal groups. Take particular care in Ambon, including Haruku Island (Pulau Haruku).


Aceh has emerged from a long period of internal conflict. Although violence against foreigners is rare, a British national was abducted in June 2013 and there were three separate incidents in November 2009 targeting foreigners. There have been reports of Sharia (religious) police harassing foreigners.

Be alert to the risk of politically-motivated violence and take particular care in remote areas. Keep up to date with local developments and avoid large crowds, especially political rallies.

Sharia law is in force in Aceh. See Local laws and customs

Political situation

The overall political situation in Indonesia is stable, but internal developments, such as elections, presidential inaugurations and external developments, including in the Middle East, can trigger public protests or unrest. You should avoid all protests, demonstrations and political rallies as they could turn violent with little notice.

Nationwide student protests took place in 2019, again in 2020, and have the potential to reoccur at any time. You should avoid large gatherings in public areas, including demonstrations, student and political rallies.

Road travel

You cannot drive in Indonesia using a UK driving licence. You can drive using an International Driving Permit issued in Indonesia. International Driving Permits issued in the UK may need to be endorsed by the Indonesian licensing office in Jakarta.

Before driving, riding or hiring any type of vehicle, ensure that you have the appropriate licence to do so, and check with your travel insurance company to confirm that you’re covered.

Traffic discipline is very poor and we have seen a large increase in moped and motorbike accidents, including serious injury and fatalities in Bali. Foreigners involved in even minor traffic violations or accidents may be vulnerable to exploitation. Consider employing a private driver or hiring a car with a driver. Some multinational companies do not allow their expatriate staff to drive in Indonesia. Make sure you wear a helmet if you’re riding a motorbike or moped.

If you’re involved in an accident or breakdown, make sure someone remains with your vehicle. If you have any concerns for your security, move to another location safely. You should make yourself available for questioning by the police if requested to do so.

Air travel

The FCDO cannot offer advice on the safety of individual airlines, but the International Air Transport Association publishes a list of registered airlines that have been audited and found to meet a number of operational safety standards and recommended practices. This list is not exhaustive and the absence of an airline from this list doesn’t necessarily mean that it is unsafe.

On 29 October 2018, a Lion Air domestic flight from Jakarta to Pangkal Pinang crashed into the Kawarang Sea shortly after take-off. There were no survivors and an investigation is underway to determine the cause of the crash.

On 9 January 2021, Sriwijaya Air flight 182 crashed into the Java Sea off the Thousand Islands killing all 62 people on board.

A list of recent incidents and accidents can be found on the website of the Aviation Safety network.

Sea travel

Travelling by boat or ferry can be dangerous as the sea conditions can change rapidly, vessels can be crowded, overloaded, poorly maintained and safety standards vary between providers. According to National Search and Rescue Agency, there were 811 boat accidents in 2021 that resulted in 441 deaths and 401 people lost at sea. Make sure you’re satisfied with safety standards before travelling, including availability of safety equipment and life-jackets. Life-jackets suitable for children aren’t always available and you should consider bringing your own. Avoid travelling after dark unless you’re satisfied the vessel is suitably equipped.

There have been attacks against ships in and around the waters of Indonesia. Mariners should be vigilant, reduce opportunities for theft, establish secure areas on board and report all incidents to the coastal and flag state authorities.

Terrorists are very likely to try to carry out attacks in Indonesia.

UK Counter Terrorism Policing has information and advice on staying safe abroad and what to do in the event of a terrorist attack. Find out more about the global threat from terrorism.

Terrorist groups have the capacity and intent to carry out attacks at anytime and anywhere in the country. Types of attacks have included suicide bombings and small-arms fire, targeting public and crowded places.

The threat from Islamist extremism remains high, though the Indonesian authorities continue to disrupt attack planning, including arresting alleged terrorists reportedly in the advanced stages of preparation.

In Central Sulawesi, there is on-going conflict between the Indonesian security forces and terrorists, including attacks upon police and civilians most recently in May 2021. This conflict is predominantly concentrated in the Poso region.

Indonesian government and law enforcement interests and places of worship are regularly targeted by extremists. Western interests are also at risk. Small-scale attacks occur on a regular basis and further incidents are likely. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by foreigners. Beach resorts, bars and restaurants, hotels, markets, shopping malls hosting major international brand outlets, tourist attractions, places of worship, foreign embassies, polling stations, ferry terminals and airports are all potential targets.

There’s a heightened risk during holiday periods. Exercise extra caution around:

  • Christmas, New Year and Easter period
  • Chinese New Year
  • Nyepi (Balinese New Year)
  • Islamic celebrations and holidays such as Ramadan
  • local elections
  • presidential inaugurations
  • annual Independence Day celebrations (17 August)

You should follow the advice of the local authorities, remaining particularly vigilant and maintaining a high level of security awareness in crowded places and at large gatherings.

Notable recent attacks include:

  • on 7 December 2022, a suicide bomber attacked a Police post on Jalan Astana Anyar, in Bandung, West Java, killing one police officer and injuring seven other police officers and one civilian
  • on 28 March 2021, a suicide attack took place outside the Cathedral Church at JaIan Kajaolalido, Makassar (a Catholic church in the city of Makassar)
  • on 1 June 2020, a police officer was killed and another injured during an attack on a police station in Kalimantan. Daesh is reported to have claimed responsibility
  • on 13 November 2019, a suicide bomber attacked the police headquarters in Medan, Sumatra, injuring 4 police officers and 2 civilians
  • on 14 May 2018, there was an explosion at a security post of police headquarters in Surabaya, East Java, causing a number of deaths and casualties
  • on 13 May 2018, there were explosions at three churches in Surabaya, causing a number of deaths and casualties
  • on 14 January 2016, there was an attack near the Sari Pan Pacific Hotel and Sarinah Plaza on Jalan M.H. Thamrin in central Jakarta. The attack included a number of explosions and gun battles. Eight people died and a number were injured, including foreigners

There is considered to be a heightened threat of terrorist attack globally against UK interests and British nationals, from groups or individuals motivated by the conflict in Iraq and Syria. You should be vigilant at this time.


There is a risk of kidnapping at sea in and around the waters of Indonesia. This risk is higher in the Sulu and Celebes seas.

The long-standing policy of the British government is not to make substantive concessions to hostage takers. The British government considers that paying ransoms and releasing prisoners increases the risk of further hostage taking.

You should respect local traditions, customs, laws and religions at all times and be aware of your actions to ensure that they do not offend, especially during the holy month of Ramadan or if you intend to visit religious areas. Ensure that you wear appropriate clothing while visiting religious areas or sites. See Travelling during Ramadan.

Do not get involved with illegal drugs. Possession, trafficking and manufacture of any illegal drugs are serious offences in Indonesia. The Indonesian authorities have a zero-tolerance policy and those caught face lengthy prison sentences or the death penalty, usually after a protracted and expensive legal process. British nationals have been caught and jailed for drug offences in Indonesia.

Police often raid venues (particularly in Bali) known to be frequented by foreigners. You may have to take a urine or blood test if there is a reasonable suspicion that drugs have been used. Criminal gangs in the UK and elsewhere are known to coerce people into carrying drugs across borders. Do not allow yourself to be persuaded.

It’s illegal to buy, sell, kill or capture any protected wild animal or trade its parts without a license. Indonesia is a signatory to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which includes bans on trade in ivory and tiger parts. If you’re caught purchasing or trafficking illegal goods you’ll be prosecuted and could receive a prison sentence and fine.

During Balinese New Year, known as Nyepi, local custom requires that all people in Bali observe a day of silence by staying indoors, turning off lights, and making no noise. Ngurah Rai International Airport is closed for the entire day. However, emergency services and hospitals are allowed to operate.

Gambling is illegal in Indonesia. There have been cases where tourists have lost large amounts of money to organised gambling gangs.

You must be able to show your valid travel document (passport) or stay permit (such as KITAS or KITAP) at any time when needed to do so by an active immigration officer.


The province of Aceh enforces Sharia Law. It is the only province in Indonesia to do so and applies to Muslims and non-Muslims alike.

Extra-marital sex, gambling, and the consumption, production and distribution of alcohol are all illegal under Sharia law.

Homosexual activity is illegal under Sharia Law.

See our information and advice page for the LGBT community before you travel.

This page has information on travelling to Indonesia.

This page reflects the UK government’s understanding of current rules for people travelling on a full ‘British Citizen’ passport from the UK, for the most common types of travel.

The authorities in Indonesia set and enforce entry rules. If you’re unsure how Indonesia’s entry requirements apply to you, contact its UK embassy, high commission or consulate.

All travellers

You must be fully vaccinated and in possession of proof of vaccine status to enter Indonesia unless you are in one of the following categories:

  • Travellers below 18 years of age on international flights, if they are travelling with their vaccinated parents.
  • Foreign nationals who cannot be vaccinated due to their medical condition. They must produce a certificate from a medical professional to confirm this.
  • Diplomatic/Service Visa holder for the purposes of a Ministerial/Official visit
  • Active flight or ship crew

With effect from 7 March 2022, British Citizens who are entering Indonesia for the following purposes can apply for a visa on arrival at a cost of IDR 500,000:

  • Tourism;
  • Official visit or government duties;
  • Business meeting;
  • Procurement of goods;
  • Official meeting; or
  • Transit.

This visa is valid for 30 days, and can be extended once (for a maximum of 30 days) by making an application to an immigration office within Indonesia. Ensure that you extend your visa within the initial 30 days to avoid an overstay fine. Visa on arrival is now available at the following airports and seaports:


  • Soekarno Hatta DKI Jakarta
  • Ngurah Rai Bali
  • Kualanamu North Sumatra
  • Juanda East Java
  • Hasanuddin South Sulawesi
  • Sam Ratulangi North Sulawesi
  • Yogyakarta Yogyakarta
  • Hang Nadim Batam, Riau Islands
  • Zainuddin Abdul Majid West Nusa Tenggara


  • Nongsa Terminal Bahari
  • Riau Island Batam Centre
  • Riau Island Sekupang
  • Riau IslandCitra Tri Tunas Riau Island
  • Marina Teluk Senimba Riau Island
  • Bandar Bentan Telani Lagoi Riau Island
  • Bandar Seri Udana Lobam Riau Island
  • Sri Bintan Pura/Riau Island
  • Tanjung Balai Karimun, Riau Islands

Foreigners can also apply for a visitor or limited stay visa in advance of their visit, including visas on compassionate grounds. The application should be made by a local sponsor to the Director General of Immigration.

The Indonesian embassy has introduced a new e-visa system. You or your sponsor should submit your visa application online.

A full list of visas and requirements are available on the Indonesian Immigration Website.

If you’re fully vaccinated

If you have received a full course of Covid-19 vaccination (at least 2 doses), you can enter Indonesia as follows:

Those intending to purchase a “visa on arrival” should:

  • install the SATUSEHAT ios or SATUSEHAT andriod application
  • show proof of a full course of vaccination (those who cannot be vaccinated for health reasons are exempt as long as they can show proof of exemption)
  • undergo a temperature check upon arrival and, if showing Covid-19 symptoms and / or a temperature above 37.5 degrees, a RT-PCR test. If you test positive, you may be taken to a hospital for treatment or an isolation centre at your own expense. If negative, fully vaccinated travellers can continue their journey

Travellers who have received a full course of Covid-19 vaccinations and a booster do not need to have an antigen/PCR test to travel domestically. Travellers who have not received any booster vaccination may need to show a negative antigen/PCR test to travel domestically. Contact your airlines for further details

Proof of vaccination status

You must present proof of vaccination status to enter Indonesia and/or to travel domestically within Indonesia.

You can use the UK COVID Pass to demonstrate your vaccination record when entering Indonesia. You may need to present both soft and hard copies of your NHS vaccination certificates at various stages of your journey. Your NHS appointment card from vaccination centres is not designed to be used as proof of vaccination and should not be used to demonstrate your vaccine status.

The British Embassy understand that hard copies of NHS certificates suffice for most purposes (with check-in staff and Immigration staff at the Indonesian border as well as entry to facilities in Indonesia).

Vaccine verification

Please note, the Indonesian Government recognises UK NHS Vaccine certification. Verification of your certificates for use on the SATUSEHAT ios or SATUSEHAT andriod app is the responsibility of the Government of Indonesia (usually the Ministry of Health authorities on arrival at your port of entry). It is no longer possible for the British Embassy to provide this verification.

If you’re not fully vaccinated

If you’re not fully vaccinated and are medically exempt, you will need to produce your exemption documents at check in (according to your airline policy) and on arrival in Jakarta.

If you’ve had Covid-19

If you have had Covid-19 and recovered within 30 days prior to departure, you are exempt from the requirement to show proof of vaccination and negative RT-PCR prior to departure. However, you will be required to take a RT-PCR test upon arrival and show the recovery certificate from a hospital in your country of origin

Indonesia’s Directorate General of Immigration (DGI) is no longer automatically extending expired visas or stay permits under Covid-19 emergency arrangements. In country KITAS application is no longer available.

Children and young people

Children aged 12 to 17 follow the same rules as fully or partly vaccinated travellers.

KITAS Extension – offshore application

KITAS holders with expiring stay permit but currently outside Indonesia can apply for an extension through a sponsor. The sponsor must submit the application to the immigration office attaching a copy of the passport and proof of leaving Indonesia. The application is submitted without biometric sampling. The sponsor must report the foreigner’s arrival within 30 days.

If you’re transiting through Indonesia

Transiting is when you pass through one country on the way to your final destination.

Transiting through Indonesia is permitted for travellers who remain airside. Passengers will need to receive approval from the port health authority before continuing their journey. They should have evidence of their vaccination status, PCR test results and onward flight details ready for inspection

If you are transiting through Indonesia on your way to another country and will be passing through immigration (sometimes known as a layover), for example to stay in a hotel for a flight the next day, you will need to follow the requirements for a visitor.

Check your passport and travel documents before you travel

If you are visiting or are a resident in Indonesia, your passport should be valid for at least 6 months from the date you arrive.

Check with your travel provider or the nearest Indonesian Embassy or Consulate to make sure your passport and other travel documents meet their requirements.

Visa scams

Beware of visa scams by fraudulent visa agents who, having taken your money, may fail to provide a visa or supply the wrong kind. This could result in your overstaying and a fine of IDR 1million/day, detention, deportation and possible re-entry ban. You should use the Indonesian Immigration self Service Portal.

Visa scams are on the rise in Indonesia. The British Embassy is aware of numerous foreign nationals in Bali who have been the victim of visa scams at this time. Many have lost significant sums of money, some have been deported despite paying large fees to their agent to secure the correct visa or extension to stay.

If you wish to use to use an agent, do thorough due diligence and check for reviews and recommendations.

Dual nationality

Indonesian law doesn’t allow dual nationality for adults over 18 years of age. If you’re a British national who has retained Indonesian nationality, you may experience immigration difficulties in Indonesia.

UK Emergency Travel Documents

UK Emergency Travel Documents are accepted for airside transit and exit from Indonesia, but not for entry into Indonesia. If you apply for an ETD whilst in Indonesia, you may need to get an exit permit from Immigration to leave the country. We would advise you to contact the nearest Immigration office to check before travelling.

Proof of onward travel

Immigration officials in Indonesia may ask you for proof of onward travel (such as a return or onward air ticket). You should make all reservations before leaving for Indonesia. Some airlines have refused to board passengers without evidence of onward travel.

Departure and airport tax

Airport tax is included in the cost your ticket for all domestic flights within Indonesia. For some international flights departing Indonesia, airport tax may not be included in the price of the ticket. You should check with your airline or travel agent before you travel.

Overstaying your visa

Overstaying without the proper authority is a serious matter and visitors can be held in detention or refused permission to leave the country until a fine of Rp 1 million per day is paid. After overstaying for 60 days, you will be detained and possibly imprisoned.


If you stay in private accommodation in Indonesia (not a hotel) you must register your presence with the local police or you could face a fine of Rp 5 million. If you stay in a hotel you will be registered automatically.

Travelling with medication

If you bring any prescription medication into Indonesia, make sure you have a copy of the prescription with you. The prescription must cover the quantity of medication you bring. Be aware that some prescription or other medication available in the UK, including some psychotropic medicines, may be illegal in Indonesia. If you’re unsure, speak to your doctor and the Indonesian Embassy for advice before you travel.

Yellow fever certificate requirements

Check whether you need a yellow fever certificate by visiting the National Travel Health Network and Centre’s TravelHealthPro website.

Indonesia sits along a volatile seismic strip called the ‘Ring of Fire’ in the Pacific. Volcanic eruptions and earthquakes occur regularly, which can present a potential threat of tsunamis. The capacity of the Indonesian emergency and rescue services to deal with large natural disasters is limited.

Earthquakes and tsunamis

The US Federal Emergency Management Agency has advice about what to do before, during and after an earthquake.

If a major earthquake or landslide occurs close to shore, you should follow the instructions of local authorities, bearing in mind that a tsunami could arrive within minutes. The Indonesia Tsunami Early Warning Centre issues tsunami warnings when a potential tsunami with significant impact is imminent or expected.


There are many active volcanoes in Indonesia, any of which can erupt without warning resulting in the evacuation of villages within a 3 to 7 kilometre radius. In the past, repeated eruptions have caused destruction and fatalities. Check media reports before travelling to areas that are prone to volcanic activity. Take extra care and follow the advice of the local authorities, including respecting any exclusion zones.

During previous eruptions, areas beyond local exclusion zones have been affected by mud/debris flows (particularly in valleys) and volcanic ash falls. While near any volcano, you should therefore monitor local media, exercise caution and follow the advice of the local authorities, including any evacuation orders.

Ash clouds can affect flight schedules and the operation of regional airports. Check with your airline or travel company for the latest information.

If you’re travelling to areas of Indonesia where volcanic activity is ongoing, you should be aware that ash plumes can affect air quality and have an impact on health. Public Health England (PHE) advise that a properly fitted face mask may provide some protection. While masks should be available in Indonesia, you may choose to buy your own before you travel. PHE recommend masks that comply with EU standards P2 or P3 or the US standards N95 or N98. You should make sure that your mask fits your face and you know how to wear it properly.

If you have any pre-existing respiratory conditions, such as asthma, be aware that you might be at increased risk of triggering or worsening your symptoms. Make sure you travel with sufficient supplies of any regular medicines to cater for this.

In the event of a major eruption, areas outside of exclusion zones may be subject to increased levels of particulate and gaseous pollutants in the air. Face masks only offer protection against small particulate matter; they do not protect against hazardous gases emitted by a volcano. Unless you’re advised to evacuate the area you’re in, the best way to reduce your exposure is to remain inside and close all doors and windows. Following eruptions in 2017 and 2018, some volcanoes continue to show signs of increased volcanic activity.

Mount Agung, Bali

On 28 June 2018 Mount Agung in East Bali erupted, emitting gas and ash which resulted in the closure of Bali’s airport and a number of nearby regional airports for a period of time. Indonesia uses four volcano alert levels to activate community mitigation planning. These are 1. Normal, 2. Advisory (Waspada), 3. Watch (Siaga) and 4. Warning (Awas) The alert level for Mount Agung has now returned to level 1, but climbers are recommended to limit activity around the crater. The alert level is subject to change at short notice.

Travellers to Bali may find information on travel during the volcanic activity useful.

Eruptions in late 2017 and June 2018 led to periodic closures at Bali and Lombok airports and disruption to flights in the region. Further disruption can not be ruled out. The local authorities have indicated that Mount Agung continues to show signs of volcanic activity and the possibility of volcanic eruptions remains.

Mount Semeru, East Java

The FCDO advise against all travel to within 5km of the crater of Mount Semeru in Lumajang Regency, East Java. The FCDO also advise against travel to the southeast area of Mount Semeru along the Besuk Kobokan river, approximately 13km from the crater, and 500m from any Besuk Kobokan riverbank. These are exclusion zones put into place by the local authorities.

Mount Semeru erupted on 4 December 2022, emitting a 1,500 meters (4,921 ft) high ash cloud. Indonesian authorities have set an alert status of level 4 (of 4) and are warning of the potential for pyroclastic flows and lava flows along rivers, tributaries and valleys around Mount Semeru, especially along Besuk Kobokan, Besuk Bang, Besuk Kembar and Besuk Sat.

Mount Sinabung, North Sumatra

The FCDO advise against all travel to within 5km of the crater of Mount Sinabung in Karo Regency, North Sumatra. This is an exclusion zone put into place by the local authorities.

Mount Sinabung erupted on the 28 July 2021, sending a large column of smoke and ash 4,500 meters (14,760 ft) into the sky. It also generated pyroclastic flows that travelled down the eastern and southeastern flank for about 1000 m. The Indonesian authorities have set an alert status of level 3 (of 4). If there is ash rain, people are advised to wear masks to reduce its health impact.


The Indonesian rainy season runs from September – January, but can run into February. You should monitor international / local weather reporting if travelling during rainy season.

Large areas of the country, including parts of West Sumatra, Central, East and West Java and Jakarta have been severely affected by heavy rains and subsequent landslides and flooding in recent years. Throughout Indonesia flash floods and more widespread flooding can occur. Cities - especially Jakarta - can suffer severe localised flooding which can result in major traffic congestion and power outages. The main toll road to Soekarno-Hatta International Airport and other major roads in Jakarta can be affected by flooding. Slips and landslides occur in mountainous and remote areas, but also in urban areas.

Take care when driving and walking. Keep a stock of bottled water and make sure your phone is charged.

If you have a health condition, or you are pregnant, you may need specialist healthcare abroad. Check whether your destination country can provide the healthcare you may need and ensure you have appropriate travel insurance for unexpected medical evacuation or local treatment.

See the Coronavirus travel health and Healthcare sections in the Coronavirus page for COVID-19 health information.

At least 8 weeks before your trip, check the latest country-specific health advice from the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) on the TravelHealthPro website. Each country-specific page has information on vaccine recommendations, any current health risks or outbreaks, and factsheets with information on staying healthy abroad. Guidance is also available from NHS (Scotland) on the FitforTravel website.

General information on travel vaccinations and a travel health checklist is available on the NHS website. You may then wish to contact your health adviser or pharmacy for advice on other preventive measures and managing any pre-existing medical conditions while you’re abroad.

The legal status and regulation of some medicines prescribed or bought in the UK can be different in other countries. If you’re travelling with prescription or over-the-counter medicine, read this guidance from NaTHNaC on best practice when travelling with medicines. For further information on the legal status of a specific medicine, you’ll need to contact the embassy, high commission or consulate of the country or territory you’re travelling to.

While travel can be enjoyable, it can sometimes be challenging. There are clear links between mental and physical health, so looking after yourself during travel and when abroad is important. Information on travelling with mental health conditions is available in our guidance page. Further information is also available from the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC).

Medical treatment

The standard of local medical care can be poor and some medical tests can not be done reliably. Psychological and psychiatric services are also limited throughout Indonesia.

Good medical care can be very expensive and in remote areas attention for serious injuries or illness is likely to be unavailable. You may need expensive medical evacuation costing up to tens of thousands of pounds. Make sure you have adequate travel health insurance and accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad and repatriation.

Air quality

Air quality in Indonesia’s major cities can reach levels considered ‘unhealthy for sensitive groups’ or ‘unhealthy’. Current air quality data for Jakarta can be found on the Air Quality Index website.

Ash plumes from volcanoes can affect air quality and have an impact on health, particularly for anyone with pre-existing respiratory conditions. If you’re in the vicinity of a volcanic eruption and affected by subsequent ash fall, you can find further information in digital pamphlets issued by the International Volcanic Health Hazard Network (IVHHN), which cover the potential health hazards of volcanic ash and offer advice on how to prepare and cope with ash fall.

During the dry season (May-November), widespread forest fires can cause smoke haze resulting in poor air quality across parts of Indonesia, particularly Riau Islands, central Sumatra and Kalimantan. The haze can cause disruption to local and regional air travel, and the air pollution may have an impact on public health. Keep up to date with local information and seek medical advice on appropriate precautions. A regional haze map is available from the Singapore Meteorological Service.

Health risks

Tap water is not potable throughout Indonesia.

In February 2019 the Global Polio Eradication Initiative reported two cases of genetically linked circulating vaccine derived polio virus (cVDPV) type 1 in Papua Province, Indonesia. This factsheet on the TravelHealthPro website contains information about the Polio outbreak and vaccination recommendations.

There’s a risk of dengue fever in Bali, Jakarta and elsewhere in Indonesia. While this is particularly heightened during the rainy season (usually from around October to April), local outbreaks can occur at any time during the year.

UK health authorities have classified Indonesia as having a risk of Zika virus transmission. For more information and advice visit the National Travel Health Network and Centre website for travel to Indonesia - including Bali, for travel to Indonesia - Borneo.

Rabies exists in domestic and wild animals. There are many street dogs in Bali and elsewhere. You should avoid direct contact with all dogs and cats (including pets), monkeys and other animals and seek immediate help if you’re bitten or scratched.

If you need emergency medical assistance during your trip, dial 118 and ask for an ambulance. You should contact your insurance/medical assistance company promptly if you’re referred to a medical facility for treatment.

Avian Influenza (bird flu)

Avian flu has led to over 150 confirmed human fatalities in Indonesia since 2003, although the annual rate appears to be declining. All cases so far have been linked to close contact with poultry.

Although the risk to humans from Avian Influenza is low, you should avoid visiting live animal markets, poultry farms and other places where you may come into close contact with domestic, caged or wild birds, and make sure poultry and egg dishes are thoroughly cooked.

If you’re abroad and you need emergency help from the UK government, contact the nearest British embassy, consulate or high commission. If you need urgent help because something has happened to a friend or relative abroad, contact the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) in London on 020 7008 5000 (24 hours).

Foreign travel checklist

Read our foreign travel checklist to help you plan for your trip abroad and stay safe while you’re there.

Travel safety

The FCDO travel advice helps you make your own decisions about foreign travel. Your safety is our main concern, but we can not provide tailored advice for individual trips. If you’re concerned about whether or not it’s safe for you to travel, you should read the travel advice for the country or territory you’re travelling to, together with information from other sources you’ve identified, before making your own decision on whether to travel. Only you can decide whether it’s safe for you to travel.

When we judge the level of risk to British nationals in a particular place has become unacceptably high, we’ll state on the travel advice page for that country or territory that we advise against all or all but essential travel. Read more about how the FCDO assesses and categorises risk in foreign travel advice.

Our crisis overseas page suggests additional things you can do before and during foreign travel to help you stay safe.

Refunds and cancellations

If you wish to cancel or change a holiday that you’ve booked, you should contact your travel company. The question of refunds and cancellations is a matter for you and your travel company. Travel companies make their own decisions about whether or not to offer customers a refund. Many of them use our travel advice to help them reach these decisions, but we do not instruct travel companies on when they can or can not offer a refund to their customers.

For more information about your rights if you wish to cancel a holiday, visit the Citizen’s Advice Bureau website. For help resolving problems with a flight booking, visit the website of the Civil Aviation Authority. For questions about travel insurance, contact your insurance provider and if you’re not happy with their response, you can complain to the Financial Ombudsman Service.

Registering your travel details with us

We’re no longer asking people to register with us before travel. Our foreign travel checklist and crisis overseas page suggest things you can do before and during foreign travel to plan your trip and stay safe.

Previous versions of FCDO travel advice

If you’re looking for a previous version of the FCDO travel advice, visit the National Archives website. Versions prior to 2 September 2020 will be archived as FCO travel advice. If you can not find the page you’re looking for there, send the Travel Advice Team a request.

Further help

If you’re a British national and you have a question about travelling abroad that isn’t covered in our foreign travel advice or elsewhere on GOV.UK, you can submit an enquiry, or contact us on Twitter or Facebook. We’re not able to provide tailored advice for specific trips.

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