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Jakarta History

Colonial rivals vied for control of this strategic trading port, but Jakarta emerged as a strong, independent capital.

Evidence of settlements on the Ciliwung estuary date back to the fourth or fifth centuries, but Jakarta’s history really kicked off in the early 16th century when the first European settlers arrived. The Portuguese took a fancy to this already established port, which they soon made use of to expand their colonial aims.

It wasn’t long before they were booted out by the sultan of Bantam however, who renamed the city Jayakerta, meaning ‘glorious fortress’.

Next up was a tussle between the British and the Dutch, both hoping for a bigger slice of Jakarta’s lucrative pie. Led by Jan Pieterszoon Coen, the Dutch outwitted the Brits in 1619, burning the whole town to the ground and snatching control of the port. Jayakerta became Batavia, the capital of the Dutch East Indies, and the city was transformed into a copycat Amsterdam, complete with gabled merchants’ houses and canals.

Batavia boomed, and so did its population. By the early 1800s, the overcrowded, mosquito-ridden swampy areas were ripe for malaria, and a raft of epidemics saw an exodus of wealthy Europeans heading to higher ground.

Apart from a brief period of British control during the Napoleonic Wars, the Dutch ran Batavia until Japanese forces occupied the city in 1942, when it was renamed Jakarta.

The Netherlands tried to wrest back power after the war, but on 27 December 1949, Jakarta became the official capital of independent Indonesia.

Skyscrapers popped up and Jakarta became a financial powerhouse under President Suharto. However, it all came crashing down in 1997-98 during the Asian financial crisis. Violent protests and rioting hit the capital’s streets, and Suharto resigned in 1998.

Today, Jakarta remains stable politically and is becoming a major player among emerging economies.

Did you know?
• Batavia’s Stadhuis (city hall), built in 1710, is home to the Jakarta History Museum.
• Jakarta Kota railway station is one of the city’s few remaining examples of art deco architecture.
• Jakarta hosted the 2007 Asian Cup final; Iraq beat Saudi Arabia 1-0.

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Featured Hotels


Novotel Jakarta Gajah Mada

This 4-star hotel is located near Batavia, Jakarta's Old Town, so guests can enjoy all the cultural, artistic, and leisure activities that North Jakarta has to offer. In addition to using the hotel's modern meeting rooms, guests can enjoy delicious meals at the in-house restaurant or relax at the pool, sauna, or spa.

Grand Mercure Jakarta Kemayoran

Visitors staying at the Grand Mercure can easily walk to various destinations in the business district of Kemayoran, including shopping centers and the popular culinary hub called Kelapa Gading. The hotel also boasts a swimming pool, free Wi-Fi, a fitness centre, and rooms with LED TVs and mini bars.

Kosenda Hotel

Located in Central Jakarta, this hotel feels luxurious but the low price is quite shocking. The 57 rooms come in three sizes at different price points, so guests can choose how comfortable they want to be, though even the smallest rooms offer great design and high quality service for a cheap price. Kosenda Hotel also offers a restaurant, fitness centre, free buffet breakfast, a coffee shop, and free newspapers and bottled water in the rooms.

The Hermitage Jakarta

This 1920s art deco building sticks out from the hustle and bustle of Jakarta's most prestigious district, Menteng. Visitors can walk to world class shopping malls in addition to an antique art market. The inside of the building is inspired by its early 20th century history but is marked by upscale, modern features and finish that are sure to give any guest a luxurious vacation away from it all.

Oakwood Premier Cozmo

Minutes from Ambassador Mall and Kuningan City Mall, the Oakwood Premier Cozmo Jakarta offers guests 5-star quality, air-conditioned rooms in the middle of Jakarta’s high-class shopping and entertainment district. Guests can choose between rooms or apartments, and the hotel comes with an outdoor pool and fitness center in addition to four restaurants and 3 coffee shops on the premises.

Gondia International Guesthouse

This homely guesthouse with a small garden in a quiet street provides a good respite from Jakarta. It's a decent alternative from the hostels and guesthouses of Jalan Jaksa and has comfy rooms and a friendly ambience.