Travel to Canada
Flying to Canada
Air Canada (www.aircanada.com) is the country’s flag carrier airline and currently operate routes between Canada and 81 international destinations.
Airlines flying from the UK to Canada also include British Airways (www.ba.com), Air Transat (www.airtransat.co.uk) and WestJet (www.westjet.com). Most major US carriers fly from the USA. Fares increase significantly in July and August, as well as during the ski season (December to April) if you’re flying to western Canada.
Major airports are: Calgary International Airport, Vancouver International Airport , Halifax Stanfield International Airport, Ottawa International Airport , Toronto Pearson International Airport and Montreal Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport .
From New York: to Montreal - 1 hour 30 minutes; to Toronto - 1 hour 30 minutes; to Vancouver - 6 hours.
Star Alliance North America Airpass: allows travel to hundreds of destinations within more than 18 countries including Canada. Participating airlines include Air Canada and United. You can buy between three and 10 coupons and the price varies according to the number of coupons and your point of origin. Full details are available from www.staralliance.com.
Travelling to Canada by Rail
The Canadian rail system connects to the USA at several points. US rail operator Amtrak (tel: +1 800 872 7245; www.amtrak.com) runs the following international routes: New York-Albany-Montreal (the Adirondack), New York-Albany-Buffalo-Toronto (the Maple Leaf) and Eugene-Portland-Seattle-Vancouver (the Amtrak Cascades).
The Rocky Mountaineer train (tel: +1 604 606 7245; www.rockymountaineer.com) also runs the 'Coastal Passage' tourist route from Seattle to Vancouver.
There are no international rail passes covering trains into Canada. Amtrak’s USA Rail Pass does not include routes north of the US border.
Be aware that trains can be subject to delays at US/Canada border crossings.
Driving to Canada
The only road access to Canada is through the southern border with the USA or from the west through Alaska. There are numerous road crossings between the two countries.
Greyhound (tel: +1 800 661 8747; www.greyhound.ca) runs several coaches between the USA and Canada. Some of the most popular are New York to Montreal, Detroit to Toronto/Hamilton, and Seattle to Vancouver. Note there is no coach service at all between the two countries west of southeastern Ontario until you reach Vancouver.
Getting to Canada by boat
Canada has many ports served by international shipping lines. Montreal (www.port-montreal.com) is a popular port for cruise ships. The port of Vancouver (www.portmetrovancouver.com), Canada's busiest port, is on the west coast and is a common start point for cruise ships travelling to Alaska. Toronto's port (www.torontoport.com) is on the northwestern shore of Lake Ontario.
The Victoria Clipper (tel: +1 800 888 2535; www.clippervacations.com/ferry) runs from Seattle, Washington, USA to Victoria, British Columbia, while BlackBall Ferry Line (tel: +1 250 386 2202; www.cohoferry.com) connects Port Angeles, Washington with Victoria.
Alaska Marine Highway System (tel: +1 800 642 0066; www.dot.state.ak.us/amhs) runs ferries between several Alaskan ports and Prince Rupert, British Columbia.
Bay Ferries (tel: +1 877 762 7245; www.ferries.ca) is taking over the ferry service between Portland, Maine and Yarmouth, Nova Scotia in 2016.